Dinosaurs Evolved in the Blink of an Eye

first_imgEvolutionists figure that dinosaurs evolved from pre-dinosaurs rapidly, despite no significant change in the environment.Once again, major science news sites parrot an evolutionary paper uncritically, embellishing the tale with hyped-up headlines:Thunder-Thighed Dinosaurs Arose Quickly from Predecessors (Live Science)Dinosaurs evolved much faster than previously thought (Science Magazine)First dinosaurs arose in an evolutionary eye-blink (Nature)Dinosaur relatives and first dinosaurs more closely connected than previously thought (Science Daily)“… than previously thought”? Who thought that? Why, evolutionists, of course. They’re the only ones permitted to have a thought on such matters. One might think they would have a thought or two about the soft tissue turning up in dinosaur bones everywhere (12/01/15, 6/10/15), but apparently that thought falls into a black hole in their evolved brains.The basic idea from a new paper in PNAS is that dinosaurs arose from “dinosauromorphs” (a fancy word for “dinosaur shapes” — alleged predecessors that “arose” after the Permian extinction) in just 10 million years. That’s “an evolutionary eye-blink” to Nature. Evolutionists don’t mind speeding up evolution or slowing it down (see “The Stretch and Squish Theory of Evolution”, 12/14/04), as long as evolution wins the game (which game? Calvinball). This way, they can have modern comb jellies and sea lilies remain virtually unchanged from their Cambrian-explosion ancestors, but believe in eye-blink-fast appearances of whales, flowering plants and dinosaurs by Darwin’s famous “law of nature” known as Natural Selection (see “Stuff Happens Law” in the Darwin Dictionary). Since skeptics of this catch-all explanation are ruled out of court, no wonder dinosaur evolution happened “much faster than previously thought”. One-sided thinking also provides a free pass around falsification:“To discover that these early dinosaur relatives were geologically much younger than previously thought was totally unexpected.“A look into the PNAS paper shows some damning admissions that are actually more surprising than the conclusions. Dinosaurs are icons of evolution; people think they prove evolution. Well, read this. The South American team practically says the Emperor is naked — at least he has been till now. Some sample quotes:Triassic origin and subsequent rise to dominance of dinosaurs and their closest relatives (dinosauromorphs), all lack critical support from a precise biostratigraphically independent temporal framework.Among the third group is arguably the most contentious of Mesozoic macroevolutionary events: the origin and rise of dinosaurs.Although dinosaurs have often been cited as a classic case of an evolutionary radiation, many disparate hypotheses have been proposed for their origin and subsequent rapid rise to global dominance.One of the major difficulties with testing these hypotheses has been the lack of precise biostratigraphically independent age constraints for early dinosaur-bearing assemblages, which would provide a firm temporal basis for comparing origin scenarios across time and space.Without precise independent age control (other than vertebrate biostratigraphic correlations), it is impossible to determine if these faunal differences vary across time, space, or a combination of both.Among the many uncertainties regarding dinosaur evolution is the timing of the origin and subsequent radiation of this clade and their closest relatives (early dinosauromorphs).…. the significance of these fossils for understanding the early evolutionary history of the group is unclear as they lack a precise time framework, with the age of the strata based solely on vertebrate correlations among unconnected Gondwanan basins. This problem has been exacerbated by the recent recognition that these vertebrate index taxa may differ in age across Gondwana.Biostratigraphically independent age constraints are essential for robust testing of macroevolutionary and biogeographic hypotheses in the fossil record.They went scrambling for fig leaves to cover up this shameful situation. And they found some in the form of zircons. A look at the hill where they dug them up, however, the Chañares strata in Argentina, seems unconvincing. None of the layers have dates on them. Oh, but they do, an evolutionist will say: zircons prove how old they are. Do they? Zircons are very cooperative prisoners. They’ll give you any date you want if you torture them enough (see 10/06/04, 4/08/11, 3/25/13).The new dates, though, are hardly helpful. For one thing, they require evolution with explosive speed. For another, there’s no apparent cause for them to evolve so fast; the Permian extinction was long past, according to their story. Nature explains,The finding suggests that dinosaurs appeared and spread quickly through the same leafy, humid environment that their ancestors inhabited, says Marsicano. It discredits earlier ideas that dinosaurs did not arise until environments changed and gave them a new ecosystem to move into.Thirdly, there’s not that much difference between dinosauromorphs (“dinosaur shapes”) and dinosaurs. Science Magazine News says,The fossils analyzed in the new study are among the earliest of a broad group of creatures called dinosauromorphs. That group includes all dinosaurs but also includes their earlier predecessors and their subsequent kin, which had the same general body plan but didn’t have distinctive anatomical features in their hip bones that all true dinosaurs shared….The creatures in those two groups looked and behaved pretty much the same, but “dinosaurs were slightly larger overall,” he notes. So, an overall mix of creatures dominated by early dinosaurs didn’t really look that much different from earlier ones where dinosauromorphs were predominant, he notes.So does this nomenclature signify a distinction without  difference? Except for the contrived dates, one wouldn’t really know. But dinosaurs had to evolve from something, so why not from “dinosaur-shapes”? So there you have it. Problem solved. Darwin spared. Just don’t let any creationists in the door. They might talk about soft tissue and carbon-14, messing up the cute story.“The story is that there was a very rapid evolution and a very rapid achievement of dominance in the fauna as they go from [early] dinosauromorphs to dinosaurs,” Lacovara said. It shows that “being a dinosaur is a really good idea. It really works. It allows them to outcompete things that aren’t like dinosaurs. And if you include birds, being a dinosaur is still a pretty good thing.”Other Dinosaur NewsAustralia has a new armored dinosaur (PhysOrg). It looks a lot like the well-known ankylosaur, but the discoverers gave it a politically-correct native name.A new toothed pterosaur was found in Texas (Science Daily). The only other two toothed pterosaurs were also found near Dallas. Must be due to the barbecues there. But something about it is strange; it’s a lot like its relatives in England.The Texas and English Cimoliopterus cousins are different species, so some evolutionary divergence occurred, indicating the populations were isolated from one another at 94 million years ago, Myers said.The similarity between the two species, however, implies minimal divergence time, so gene flow between North American and European populations would have been possible at some point shortly before that date.“The Atlantic opened the supercontinent Pangea like a zipper, separating continents and leaving animal populations isolated, so gene flow ceased and we start to see evolutionary divergence,”….A swimming lizard with binoculars was found in Japan, PhysOrg says — eyes with binocular vision, that is. It’s like the mosasaurs, only smaller. The “unusually well-preserved” fossil allowed the paleontologists to reconstruct the original skull showing “astounding detail and beautiful, undistorted condition.”When the fountains of the great deep burst open, the supercontinent Pangea split open “like a zipper”. That’s what some creation scientists say about the Flood. That idea, if scientists would only give it some thought, answers a number of mysteries: why creatures on different continents are so similar, why so many dead things are buried in sediments, and why many are in a state of astounding preservation. The antecedent event—recent creation—also explains the exquisite design of living things (binocular vision included), their abrupt appearance, and their global distribution. No storytelling required, because we have the word of the most trustworthy Eyewitness in the universe.(Visited 131 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Africans abroad keen to return – Homecoming Revolution report

first_imgMost African professionals living abroad would love to return home, and almost all retain strong links of family and friendship to their countries. These were some of the insights from a new survey by Homecoming Revolution, presented by CEO Angel Jones at the brain gain company’s Speed Meet Jozi event in Sandton on Friday 14 August. Homecoming Revolution founder and CEO Angel Jones, at left, during the Speed Meet Jozi networking event in Sandton, Johannesburg. Mary AlexanderThe Homecoming Revolution Insights Report 2015 comes out of three surveys, of Africans abroad and returned expatriates, conducted from February to May this year. It examines the key reasons Africans move abroad, what they miss most when they are there, what links them to home and the triggers that encourage them to return.Download the Homecoming Revolution Insights Report 2015Most of those surveyed – 68% – have a degree, and 66% work in a senior or executive position. Their fields are demanding: financial services, information technology, engineering, advisory services, marketing and medicine.“We really are looking at the brain drain in a serious light,” Jones said, “and it’s time that this became a brain gain.”Jones was speaking at the Johannesburg leg of the Homecoming Revolution’s Speed Meet networking sessions, regular gatherings of pan-Africans held in major global cities such as New York, London, Nairobi and Lagos.Since 2003 Homecoming Revolution has worked to bring talented South Africans back home, reversing the brain drain. In the last two years its efforts have expanded to include other sub-Saharan African countries, particularly Nigeria, Kenya, Uganda and Ghana.Jones said that in the past five years some 359 000 expat South African professionals have returned home. This has a major ripple effect on joblessness and the economy: a study Solidarity suggests that for every one skilled expatriate who returns, nine new jobs are created in the formal and informal sectors.Of the professionals surveyed for the study, 79% were from South Africa and 21% from Nigeria, Kenya and other sub-Saharan African countries. Forty-four percent were living in the United Kingdom, 13% in the US and 12% in Australia and New Zealand.Problems or opportunities?Despite potentially flourishing careers abroad, many of these professionals still saw opportunities back in Africa.“There’s a wonderful quote I heard from a homecomer recently,” Jones said. “He said, ‘I didn’t come back in spite of the problems. I came back because of the problems. Because I saw there was a problem with our electricity, I wanted to come home and create a new solar power enterprise.’“Those are the kinds of engineers we need. We need our doctors. We need our financial services people.”The stories of returning African professionals help spread the message. “What we do as Homecoming Revolution is inspire people to return home by showcasing stories of other people who have come back, and who are making a really significant difference.”Reasons to leaveJones then turned to why Africans go abroad in the first place.“Why do people leave? This is exciting to know, because the emphasis is often only on the bad stuff,” she said. “The number one reason people go away is for career reasons. And I think that’s a good thing. Travel is number two.”The third reason respondents gave for leaving was the political and economic situation in their countries, and the fourth crime and safety concerns – down one place from a previous Homecoming Revolution study.“This was a significant difference,” Jones said. “Crime has gone down, it seems, and political instability more of a hindrance.”Wanting to returnThe study then turned to the all-important question of whether migrants wanted to come back to Africa. A quarter – 26% – said no, 21% said they didn’t know, and a “whopping” 53% said yes, they wished to return home. “This was exciting,” Jones said, to applause.“And what would people say to someone thinking of returning? We’ve grouped the responses together. Things like, ‘Follow your heart. Go for it. Wish I were you.’“Seventy-one percent of Africans living abroad think the idea of returning is a very good thing. And this is something we are encouraging, on a worldwide scale. We started Homecoming Revolution to encourage South Africans to return to South Africa. For the past two-and-a-half years we have been working with Nigerians, Kenyans, Ghanaians and Ugandans abroad, encouraging them to come back.”Following your heartThe Homecoming Revolution research revealed that the strongest pull of home was emotional, “all about following you heart”. Africans mainly want to return to be close again to friends and family, a reason cited by 61% of respondents.“There really is nothing to beat the grass under your toes, having grannies and grandpas close by, having your kids know that these are their roots,” Jones said.“We see trigger points, when people get to their late twenties and early thirties. They want to get married, or just got married, or had their first or second child, and want to be home where they feel their children will understand their roots.”Lifestyle is the second reason to return, at 35%. “Our wonderful weather. The standard of living is really good here.”The third reason, cited by 31% of respondents, is a sense of belonging. “You can’t get that, no matter where you go abroad,” Jones said. “We have lots of stories of people saying, I was living abroad, but in a gilded box. I never really felt like I belonged.”Links to homeThe African diaspora still have strong personal links to home. Ninety-two percent of respondents said family and friends were their strongest link back to Africa. For 70%, visiting home kept them connected.Financial ties were also important, with 25% saying they still had money invested in their home countries, 12% remitting money and property back home, and 11% citing business connections as an important link.The main thing expats want to stay informed on is the employment market back home. “People are very keen to understand what job opportunities there are back home – 79% of them,” Jones said. “A lot of what we do is working with pan-African employers to showcase these job opportunities for people abroad.”Forty-two percent of those still abroad want to know about entrepreneurial opportunities. “We encourage people abroad to find best-practice models that work, particularly for the African story, so they can do something to create jobs back home,” Jones said.“It’s very exciting to see that 42% – this has been a sharp increase – 42% of people want to know how they can make a difference back home. In the survey we conducted a year and a half ago, this figure was sitting at around 20%. So we are seeing a lot of increased active citizenship from Africans around the world.”Jones concluded: “There is the brain drain. It does exist. But we are working hard to reverse it into a brain gain.”last_img read more

Business Engage honours corporates for Women empowerment

first_imgCorporate South Africa is becoming increasingly proactive in acknowledging the significant role of women in the economy, across all sectors. We can argue, in fact, that there is no economy without women. For this reason, Business Engage – a Brand South Africa partner, launched the Gender Mainstreaming Awards (sponsored by PwC) six years ago.The awards aim to celebrate excellence and women empowerment, and in addition, encourage a greater and more significant representation of women in a typical business setup, and in previously male-dominated industries.Hosted on Thursday 13 September at the TicketPro Dome in Johannesburg, the oversubscribed event saw over 700 delegates attend the auspicious occasion.Stakeholder Relations Manager for Business at Brand South Africa, George Khoza said that Brand South Africa is excited to be partnering with the Gender Mainstreaming Awards for the third time. Khoza added “Brand South Africa is in full support of giving public recognition for good practice and excellence in tackling gender mainstreaming”.        Founder of the Gender Mainstreaming Awards, Colleen Larsen told Brand South Africa that the idea is to award corporates for the work they do in gender diversity. Although the awards are targeted predominantly at the private sector, a number of categories have been extended to government.Some of the major corporations represented on the night included the Vodacom Group Limited, Thomson Reuters Africa, Standard Chartered Bank and DeBeers Consolidated Mines (Pty) Ltd.See the full list of winners below:Women On BoardsBarloworld EquipmentVodacom Group LimitedEY Women On Executive Committees in MultinationalsThomson Reuters Markets (SA)EYVodacom Group Limited Equal Representation & ParticipationCummins Africa Middle EastEYABSA Group Limited (WIMI) Women Empowerment in the Workplace: Barloworld Equipment Overall Winner Listed CompaniesBarloworld EquipmentVodacom Group LimitedWesBank Non – Listed CompaniesSchoeman Law IncAncora Property Group (Pty) LtdNkgwete IT Solutions/Peace Table Grapes (Pty) Ltd Investing In Young Women: Vodacom Overall Winner Listed CompaniesVodacom Group LimitedPPC LimitedPositive Role ModelBarloworld Equipment Non – Listed CompaniesT-Systems South Africa (Pty) LtdCummins Africa Middle EastThomson Reuters Markets (SA) Gender reporting on JSE-Listed CompaniesAdcock Ingram Holdings LimitedAngloGold Ashanti LimitedTigerBrands Limited Empowerment of Women in the Community: Standard Chartered Bank Overall Winner Listed CompaniesAngloGold Ashanti LimitedVodacom Group LimitedYoung Talent – Absa Africa Technology Non-Listed CompaniesStandard Chartered BankDeBeers Consolidated Mines (Pty) Ltdi4Water with AECI and Cummins Africa Middle East – Joint 3rd  Diversity & TransformationVodacom Group LimitedEYClarkhouse Human Capital and Dormehl Phalane – Northern Suburbs – Joint 3rd Economic EmpowermentEYBarloworld EquipmentPPC Limited Mainstreaming Gender and DisabilityCummins Africa Middle EastVodacom Group Limited INDIVIDUAL AWARDSPositive Role ModelDineo Molefe – T-Systems South Africa (Pty) LtdChristine Ramon – AngloGold Ashanti LimitedBeauty Mtsweni – Group Five LimitedProfessor Elain Vlok – Clover FoundationSpecial Mention  Inclusive LeaderBruce Cleaver – DeBeers Group and Gino Butera – Cummins Africa Middle East – Joint 1stSneha Shah – Thomson Reuters Markets (SA)Jurgen Stragier – Group Five Limited GENDER MAINSTREAMING CHAMPION: BARLOWORLDlast_img read more