“You Can’t Spell Truth Without Ruth” – Remembering RBG

first_imgColumns”You Can’t Spell Truth Without Ruth” – Remembering RBG Advocate Amit A Pai19 Sep 2020 9:03 PMShare This – xAs I woke up this morning, I learnt of the passing of the iconic Ruth Bader Ginsburg, at the ripe age of 87. When I first heard of the Justice back in law school, I wondered what the fuss was all about – after all, she was just another Judge of the American top court. Curiosity made me read about her and watch her speak on YouTube – only then did I learn that she was a giant and…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginAs I woke up this morning, I learnt of the passing of the iconic Ruth Bader Ginsburg, at the ripe age of 87. When I first heard of the Justice back in law school, I wondered what the fuss was all about – after all, she was just another Judge of the American top court. Curiosity made me read about her and watch her speak on YouTube – only then did I learn that she was a giant and an inspiration, which perhaps was the reason for her Rockstar image. Born in a 1933 in a Jewish family in Brooklyn, New York, Ruth Bader, she was not brought up in great luxury. Two days before her high school graduation, where she finished top of the class, she lost her mother Celia to cancer. She went to the prestigious Cornell for College on scholarship, and that is where she met her partner for life, Marty Ginsburg. Soon after graduation from Cornell, Ruth and Marty got married till death did them apart in 2010. When she joined the prestigious Harvard University, she was one of only nine women students, and the then dean invited the nine to a dinner, where he asked them to justify why they deserved the seat which could have been occupied by a man! Soon, she proved her mettle, and became the first woman on the Harvard Law Review. Amazingly, Ruth not only had a child, but she had to tender to her husband. Marty, who also was studying at Harvard at the time, was diagnosed with cancer. So, Ruth, would not only attend to her classes and her work, but also would type out notes for Marty borrowed from his classmates, who was recuperating, apart from taking care of their child. When Marty moved to New York, she moved with him, to complete her law from Columbia. Though she graduated top of her class, as was her habit, Ruth Bader Ginsburg had no job, for women in the 1959 were not welcome to law firms. In fact, after being selected to clerk with Justice Felix Frankfurter, she was unceremoniously dropped when the Justice got to know that she had a couple of kids and an ailing husband. Her sex and motherhood were the obstacle. “To be a woman, a Jew, and a mother to boot was a bit much”[1] in 1959 she has remarked. She finally briefly worked with a Judge as law clerk, and then as a law professor. She then associated herself with the ACLU and NAACP, and began working on civil rights cases. She was one of the leading voices of feminist jurisprudence, and was a specialist in sex discrimination cases. Her moment came, when Marty, a tax attorney, urged her to take up a case which was a challenge to an Internal Revenue Code was discriminatory, as the tax deduction for the cost of a caregiver to his mother was not available to single working men, as juxtaposed to single working women. This, Ruth argued before the Appeals Court, was solely on the basis of sex. And she succeeded. She wrote several briefs for matters relating to gender discrimination, and she appeared in several cases before the Supreme Court. It is no secret that she has been an advocate against gender discrimination, and has been instrumental in the manner in which the Supreme Court has decided these cases. She said, she had spent ten years of her life litigating cases, “I don’t say women’s rights – I say the constitutional principle of equal citizenship stature of men and women.”[2] A terrible cook by her own confession, she was banished from the kitchen by Marty and her two children, and left to deal with the law. In 1980, President Carter nominated her to the DC Circuit of the US Court of Appeal, informally considered the stepping stone to the Supreme Court. She served there for 14 years, till President Clinton nominated her to fill in the vacancy of Justice Byron White, who retired after a stint of just over three decades. Not surprisingly, Marty played a pivotal role in her appointment to the top Court. Although on his shortlist, President Clinton was not keen on appointing Judge Ginsburg, he agreed to interview with her. And after the interview, President Clinton was sure that he had found his nominee. She appeared before the Senate Judiciary Committee, and in her opening credited Marty thus: “I have had the great fortune to share life with a partner truly extraordinary for his generation, a man who believed at age eighteen when we met, and who believes today, that a woman’s work, whether at home or on the job, is as important as a man’s. I attended law school in days when women were not wanted by most members of the legal profession. I became a lawyer because Marty and his parents supported that choice unreservedly.”[3] Before the Judiciary Committee, Judge Ginsburg did something several nominees have skirted over the years. She openly spoke on abortion, and said it was central to a woman’s life and dignity, and that it was a decision that she must make herself. She was confirmed by the Senate 97:3, and became the second woman to be appointed to the Bench of the Supreme Court of the United States. Unlike our Supreme Court, Justices of the American Supreme Court are appointed for life, and therefore the impact of a Justice’s tenure is much more. Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg served for 26 years, from 1994, till she passed away. And a reading of her many judgments, and dissents speak for themselves as a measure of her impact as an unabashed liberal. Her friendship with the conservative giant, Justice Antonin Scalia, is a classic example of how professional and personal views are compartmentalized. For every view she held, Justice Scalia held an exact opposite view. Having served with him on the DC Circuit, it is not secret that Justice Scalia also recommended her name to President Clinton, when asked. She enjoyed the opera, and even participated in them with Justice Scalia. On the Court, she, along with Justice Sandra Day O’Conner carved out a place for women on the Court, which until the appointment of Justice O’Conner in 1981, had been an all men. At an event, when asked how many women Judges would the Supreme Court need to have, for it to be enough, she said “Nine” without batting an eyelid. Justice Ginsburg was also famous for her collars – a different one for each occasion, including one she wore when dissenting. After the death of her beloved husband Marty in 2010, the man behind this very successful woman, she continued to serve the Court with distinction. She followed a very strict workout routine even at a very advanced age. And she had a terrific sense of humour. When she was seen on camera nodding off during the State of the Union Address, she confessed to having had one too many glasses of wine at dinner. When asked of when she would retire, she said she still had it in her to go on and would cite the example of the liberal Justice Stevens who had set a precedent of retiring at 90. She became an icon, and was famously called the “Notorious RBG”. Her fans even said “There is no truth without Ruth”. This despite fighting off cancer thrice over, in 1999, 2009 and 2018, before succumbing to it yesterday. What I have written here is a little part of her phenomenal life. Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg has been a giant in a small frame, and has been an inspiration to many, including someone like me all the way on the other side of the World. I have deliberately not ventured into her opinions and take on the law – for those are reflective of Justice Ginsburg – the Judge. This piece was primarily a tribute to Ruth Bader Ginsburg – the student, mother, wife, lawyer, Appeals Court Judge and finally Supreme Court Justice. She is not just an icon for women’s rights, but an iconic figure for all those students of law – lawyers, academics and Judges alike. Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg wanted to be remembered as “someone who used whatever talent she had to do her work to the very best of her ability. And to help repair tears in her society, to make things a little better through the use of whatever ability she has…” I don’t see any other way of remembering her legacy. RIP RBG. Views are personal only. [1] Jane Sherron De Hart, Ruth Bader Ginsburg – A Life, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, 2018, page 79 [2] Irin Carmon & Shana Knizhnik, Notorious RBG – The Life and Times of Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Harper Collins Publishers, 2015, Page 43 [3] Ruth Bader Ginsburg, My Own Words, Simon & Schuster, 2016 Ed. at Page 182. Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Storylast_img read more

A garden filled with history

first_imgWhen he was a sophomore John Wang ’16 declared social studies his concentration, but he couldn’t shake how an art history course his first semester freshman year had taught him to see things differently.“I think that class really opened my eyes to the discipline and to kind of a whole other way of thinking as well,” said Wang, describing Jennifer Roberts’ “American Art and Modernity.”Roberts, the Elizabeth Cary Agassiz Professor of the Humanities, urged her students to use visual culture to question their understanding of the world. “That was a way of approaching images and art and history that I’d never experienced before,” recalled Wang.The experience would eventually drive him toward architecture studies, a collaborative track of the College’s History of Art and Architecture concentration and the Graduate School of Design that blends classroom and studio work. Intrigued by the possibility of becoming an architect or pursuing a career in design, Wang decided to “give it a try and see what happens.”It was a wise decision. Last year he won the third Radcliffe Institute Public Art Competition, becoming the first undergraduate to to take the honor, which supports an installation in the Susan S. and Kenneth L. Wallach Garden in Radcliffe Yard.Wang’s recently unveiled design, “100+ Years at 73 Brattle,” walks visitors back through time, evoking structures that once stood in the yard through a mix of granite, wood, soil, and sage.“[I thought], here’s an interesting story that hasn’t been told that the art installation can tell,” said Wang, who based his original concept on an old campus master plan he found at the Schlesinger Library that showed that the wood-clad house of William Bates stood in the garden space from 1821 to 1875.There was more history to tell. Maps from the Cambridge Historical Commission revealed that two other buildings had occupied the site through the years: a three-story, mansard-style house belonging to Moses Sawin, located there from 1875 to 1917 and used at one point for Radcliffe classrooms, and, for a brief period, the Gilman Building, named after Radcliffe benefactor Arthur Gilman. Eventually Wang changed his design to incorporate all of the structures.“I think the sense that something used to be here that’s no longer here really came across to me … I wanted to explore that,” said Wang, who said his blueprint was partly inspired by the work of American architect Louis Kahn.“100+ Years at 73 Brattle” gives a historic feel with its granite, wood, soil, and sage, evoking structures that once stood in the yard. Kevin Grady/Radcliffe InstituteKahn’s buildings and designs “manage to make you have a sense of wonder and think about time in a longer scale,” said Wang, who wrote his thesis on Kahn’s Franklin D. Roosevelt Four Freedoms Park on Roosevelt Island in New York’s East River. The memorial to the nation’s 32nd president consists of a sloping triangle of grass bounded by concrete with steps on one end and granite blocks surrounding a giant FDR bust on the other.The scarcity of materials a century ago meant it was often more economical to preserve buildings than to raze them and rebuild, said Wang. (The Bates House itself was moved after it was sold in 1875 and still stands today at 38 Bradbury St.) The history of the buildings at the site informed Wang’s own preservation ethos. The granite used to trace a partial outline of the Bates House, and a gradual ramp and adjacent series of mahogany steps representing the Sawin house, will likely be put to a different use once the installation is dismantled.Of his finished product, which will be in place through 2019, Wang said he was “really trying to articulate all these things that I have found and thought about in a coherent way that would really come together in one piece.” The result is an inviting spot for lunch or just a quiet place to recharge.As a GSD student, Wang hopes his future will involve crafting buildings like those that have made lasting impressions on him.“I would love to be able to design institutional buildings: libraries, schools because I think those are spaces that have meant a lot to me personally … where I have really learned to grow, and also the spaces where good design makes an impact on how people interact with the world.”The fourth Radcliffe Institute Public Art Competition is open for registration.last_img read more

Toilet paper trouble no more: Experts predict shelves will be full soon

first_img“They’re not using the product at commercial places, they’re using the product at home,” he said. The first is commercial-grade, which can be found at restaurants or institutions, and are typically large, single-ply rolls. “The production is up, the demand is starting to drop, it’s got to be good news at the end of this,” said Sheldon. “Well I think probably we were all surprised because you don’t think about toilet paper generally,” said lecturer of supply chain management at Binghamton University Donald Sheldon. “As people start to shift back and states start to open, it’s naturally going to divert some of that demand back to commercial,” said Sheldon. So if trends continue as expected, the toilet paper market will be on a roll. Not only is it a good thing for you when you’re shopping, it’s good for your wallet too with prices likely to drop. When people started working from home and following stay-at-home order, Sheldon says the demand for retail toilet paper skyrocketed around 300%. With more people beginning to go back to work, they won’t need to use as much toilet paper at home. The problem became the lack of retail toilet paper, or the kind we buy for our homes. “Well I think most of the experts are predicting that we’re going to end up with a glut of retail toilet paper,” he said. (WBNG) — The pandemic created a shortage of products around the nation. One of the first things to clear off shelves was toilet paper. Now that production has ramped up across the country and stores limited how much customers could buy, Sheldon says we could see a change in the next 60 days. “That would be the normal behavior in the marketplace, yes,” said Sheldon. “The product is much smoother, it’s embossed, it’s usually more than single ply, it might be two or three-ply, it’s even sometimes scented,” said Sheldon. Sheldon says there are two types of toilet paper that is manufactured.last_img read more

Approach tops fifteen left in Derby

first_img O’Brien can also call on Derrinstown Trial winner Battle Of Marengo, Newmarket Guineas sixth Mars, unbeaten Chester Vase winner Ruler Of The World, Flying The Flag and Festive Cheer. Andrew Oliver’s First Cornerstone, who ran a pleasing race when fifth in the Irish Guineas on what was his seasonal reappearance, is another possible for Ireland along with David Wachman’s Galileo Rock. Andre Fabre took the spoils two years ago with Pour Moi and has followed a similar route to Epsom with Ocovango, while York’s Dante Stakes is usually seen as the best trial in Britain and Elaine Burke’s Libertarian won that in good style, beating Trading Leather, who has also been left in by Bolger. James Tate’s Mirsaale and the John Ryan-trained Ocean Applause complete the confirmations. Bolger confirmed Trading Leather had been left in the race in case anything happened to Dawn Approach. He said: “Trading Leather has been left in the Investec Derby as a precaution. If anything were to happen to Dawn Approach, I would run Trading Leather. “Dawn Approach is continuing to please me and I am looking forward to running him in the Investec Derby at Epsom Downs on Saturday. I thought Magician’s performance on Saturday was very smart.” Jim Bolger’s unbeaten Qipco 2000 Guineas winner has stamina questions to answer on the Downs having never run over further than a mile and even his effervescent trainer has admitted there is no guarantee he will stay a mile and a half. He could at least face one surprise rival in the shape of Aidan O’Brien’s Magician, an easy winner of the Irish 2,000 Guineas on Saturday, while German contender Chopin has been supplemented at a cost of £75,000 by Andreas Wohler. Dawn Approach will face a maximum of 14 opponents in Saturday’s Investec Derby at Epsom.center_img Press Associationlast_img read more