First Quantum Minerals (FQMZ.zm) listed on the Lusaka Securities Exchange under the Mining sector has released it’s 2004 annual report.For more information about First Quantum Minerals (FQMZ.zm) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the First Quantum Minerals (FQMZ.zm) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: First Quantum Minerals (FQMZ.zm) 2004 annual report.Company ProfileFirst Quantum Minerals Limited is an international holding company overseeing the extraction of copper, nickel, gold, zinc and acid through mining operations in Zambia, Australia, Finland, Turkey, Spain and Mauritania. The mining corporation operates six mines: Kansanshi copper-gold mine, Guelb Moghrein copper-gold mine, Las Cruces copper mine, Pyhasalmi copper-zinc mine, Ravensthorpe nickel-cobalt mine and Cayeli copper-zinc mine. Its subsidiary divisions have interests in evaluating and acquiring mineral properties, regulatory reporting, treasury and finance, corporate administration, and a metal marketing division. Copper is the main commodity mined by First Quantum Minerals in Zambia, and gold is a by-product commodity. First Quantum Minerals Limited is listed on the Lusaka Stock Exchange
Assistant/Associate Rector Washington, DC Rector Hopkinsville, KY Course Director Jerusalem, Israel Assistant/Associate Rector Morristown, NJ Tags Associate Priest for Pastoral Care New York, NY Bishop Diocesan Springfield, IL Priest-in-Charge Lebanon, OH Submit a Job Listing New Berrigan Book With Episcopal Roots Cascade Books Join the Episcopal Diocese of Texas in Celebrating the Pauli Murray Feast Online Worship Service June 27 Episcopal Migration Ministries’ Virtual Prayer Vigil for World Refugee Day Facebook Live Prayer Vigil June 20 @ 7 p.m. ET Virtual Celebration of the Jerusalem Princess Basma Center Zoom Conversation June 19 @ 12 p.m. ET Inaugural Diocesan Feast Day Celebrating Juneteenth San Francisco, CA (and livestream) June 19 @ 2 p.m. PT Director of Administration & Finance Atlanta, GA Rector (FT or PT) Indian River, MI Ya no son extranjeros: Un diálogo acerca de inmigración Una conversación de Zoom June 22 @ 7 p.m. ET Rector Tampa, FL By ACNS staffPosted Jan 6, 2014 Rector Smithfield, NC Curate (Associate & Priest-in-Charge) Traverse City, MI Anglican Communion responds to South Sudan crisis The Church Investment Group Commends the Taskforce on the Theology of Money on its report, The Theology of Money and Investing as Doing Theology Church Investment Group Sudan & South Sudan Seminary of the Southwest announces appointment of two new full time faculty members Seminary of the Southwest Rector Washington, DC This Summer’s Anti-Racism Training Online Course (Diocese of New Jersey) June 18-July 16 Director of Music Morristown, NJ Rector/Priest in Charge (PT) Lisbon, ME Remember Holy Land Christians on Jerusalem Sunday, June 20 American Friends of the Episcopal Diocese of Jerusalem Rector and Chaplain Eugene, OR AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to PrintFriendlyPrintFriendlyShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitterShare to EmailEmailShare to MoreAddThis Curate Diocese of Nebraska Rector Martinsville, VA Press Release Service An Evening with Presiding Bishop Curry and Iconographer Kelly Latimore Episcopal Migration Ministries via Zoom June 23 @ 6 p.m. ET Virtual Episcopal Latino Ministry Competency Course Online Course Aug. 9-13 An Evening with Aliya Cycon Playing the Oud Lancaster, PA (and streaming online) July 3 @ 7 p.m. ET Canon for Family Ministry Jackson, MS [Anglican Communion News Service] Anglicans and Episcopalians around the Communion are responding to first-hand accounts of conflict and the growing humanitarian crisis in Africa’s newest country, South Sudan.Since hostilities broke out on 15 December different factions of the South Sudanese army have been fighting each other and killing civilians, says the UN. The UN believes that thousands have been killed and as many as 180,000 displaced in the violence.Eye witness accounts of the conflict shared by clergy from the Episcopal Church of South Sudan and Sudan (ECSSS) over the past few weeks have fueled calls for prayers and support for the beleaguered country.‘It’s a war zone’The most disturbing reports came from the Bishop of Bor Ruben Akurdit Ngong, now in Juba, who spoke to several media outlets about the situation in the town.In a recent BBC interview he described it as “really terrible, it’s horrible. You cannot even describe it.“Two days, we came out of the UNMISS compound and it seemed to be alright. But suddenly things turned around and we heard gunshots and the rebels running towards Bor town. So everyone started fleeing in different directions. They ran into the bush. Some came into the town. Some went to the River Nile, others towards Lakes State and Juba.“It’s a war zone. You find dead bodies everywhere. When you are in Bor town, you move around closing your nose because of the smell. Bor is in anarchy because the government is not in control. The rebels are not in control. What they are doing is fighting each other. There is no system, no way that help can come to the civilian population. There is no way even to get medicines to the vulnerable. It is just a really terrible situation.”On New Year’s Eve, the Rev. Daniel Kon Malual, Secretary in the Office of the Bishop of Bor reported that, “Most of the Diocese of Bor Congregation is displaced and all villages of the archdeaconry of Baidit, Tong, Mathiang are all burned down by the Lau Nuer Youth. [The] Majority of the people are under trees in Awinrial County of Lake State. Other population flew to swarm area West of Baidit Payam and are under threat of attack from Lau Nuer Youth.”Making their escapeFour days earlier South Sudan priest the Rev. John Daau had written to supporters to explain that he, like so many others, had made the difficult decision to flee South Sudan–his overriding concern was the safety of his heavily pregnant wife who was only two weeks away from giving birth.Daau laid out the challenges facing the tens of thousands trying to leave the country and his guilt at making the decision to escape to family in Kenya in a relative’s vehicle.“Those [who could] preferred to leave the country for fear of what may happen next despite the assurance from the government that all will be alright soon. I saw thousands of South Sudanese and foreigners (mainly Kenyans and Ugandan) crowded at the [Ugandan] border…Perhaps, over 2000 private vehicles were parked by the time I was at the border, all going through clearance on both side of Ugandan-South Sudan border as drivers scrambled in the long queues to clear and receive visas.”People are dyingOn January 3, the Primate of ECSSS, Archbishop Daniel Deng Bul, wrote in a letter to the Archbishop of Canterbury, that the situation was increasingly desperate.“I myself and the head of SUDRA (our Church’s local Relief and Rehabilitation Agency) visited the area and [saw] over 75 thousand people (and more are still coming) mainly women and children, some occupying churches, schools and other living under trees.“The situation is more desperate as there is no clean water to drink, little food to eat, no good sanitation and lack of health facilities.”Archbishop Deng Bul explained that, as a response to the crisis, he has formed an Emergency Crisis committee with the Bishop of Bor as its chairman. The committee is working with SUDRA to consolidate a proposal for the humanitarian response in the affected dioceses.The Archbishop called on relief agencies and the wider Communion to help the Province in its work to alleviate the suffering of people affected by the conflict: “Some of them are now dying of hunger and diseases, particularly the children … as the humanitarian crisis has reached a breaking point.”One response by Archbishop Justin Welby has been to write to all Primates of the Anglican Communion sharing with them ECSSS’s request for prayer and support.Collaborating on aidOver the Christmas and New Year period, Anglican/Episcopal agencies including Episcopal Relief & Development, the Anglican Alliance and the Anglican Board of Mission met on conference calls. Together, with members of ECSSS, they have been working on developing a coordinated humanitarian response through the local churches.According to Bishop Andudu Adam Elnail of ECSSS’s Kadugli Diocese, whatever relief goods are required, he believes there will also be a need to train pastors for reconciliation and peacebuilding.The consolidated proposal is expected in a few days and will be posted on the Anglican Alliance’s website.Prayers for peaceElsewhere in the Anglican Communion, South Sudanese living in Melbourne, Australia turned an annual service of thanksgiving for the past year into a national day of mourning and anxiety on New Year’s Day.More than 200 adults and 70 children gathered at the Anglican Church of the Apostles, Sunshine, for a regular thanksgiving service. But because most of those present come from the vicinity of Bor, the prayers reflected the anxiety and concern about relatives back home.Prayers for ‘peace in South Sudan and wellbeing of all civilians’ were led by the Rev. Abraham Angau. Prayers for the future were led by the Rev. Daniel Gai Aleu.The Anglican Church in Melbourne has 17 congregations worshiping in the Dinka language, scattered from Sunshine to Dandenong.In Uganda, the Primate Archbishop Stanley Ntagali also used part of his Christmas message to call for a dialogue to end the conflict in South Sudan. Rector Albany, NY Rector Shreveport, LA Family Ministry Coordinator Baton Rouge, LA Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Hires Reverend Kevin W. VanHook, II as Executive Director Episcopal Charities of the Diocese of New York Anglican Communion, Submit an Event Listing Episcopal Church releases new prayer book translations into Spanish and French, solicits feedback Episcopal Church Office of Public Affairs In-person Retreat: Thanksgiving Trinity Retreat Center (West Cornwall, CT) Nov. 24-28 Featured Events Rector Belleville, IL TryTank Experimental Lab and York St. John University of England Launch Survey to Study the Impact of Covid-19 on the Episcopal Church TryTank Experimental Lab Missioner for Disaster Resilience Sacramento, CA Rector Pittsburgh, PA Priest Associate or Director of Adult Ministries Greenville, SC Featured Jobs & Calls Rector Knoxville, TN Submit a Press Release Associate Rector for Family Ministries Anchorage, AK Rector Bath, NC Cathedral Dean Boise, ID The Church Pension Fund Invests $20 Million in Impact Investment Fund Designed to Preserve Workforce Housing Communities Nationwide Church Pension Group Associate Rector Columbus, GA Assistant/Associate Priest Scottsdale, AZ Youth Minister Lorton, VA Rector Collierville, TN
Projects Save this picture!© Luc Boegly+ 40 Share CopyAbout this officeTANK ArchitectesOfficeFollowProductWood#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesWoodHousesBerséeFrancePublished on September 24, 2009Cite: “Airstream House / TANK Architectes” 24 Sep 2009. ArchDaily. Accessed 12 Jun 2021.
ArchDaily ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/132753/noh-house-koji-tsutsui-architect-associates Clipboard Photographs: Masao Nishikawa Text description provided by the architects. The Noh House was built for a Noh performer within a quiet residential area in Tokyo. The traditional Japanese musical drama has been performed for over 700 years, and the Noh stage is composed of a main stage and a bridge (runway) that connects to a backstage. While meeting the client’s functional requirements such as daily living spaces and a Noh rehearsal room, Koji Tsutsui Architect & Associates wanted to incorporate the soul of Noh into the architecture. Save this picture!© Masao NishikawaRecommended ProductsPorcelain StonewareApavisaBetonPorcelain StonewareApariciPorcelain Tiles – JacquardCoffee tablesBoConceptMadrid Coffee Table AD23Rather than complete isolating the rehearsal room, I integrated it into the living spaces. The rehearsal room is also a Japanese tearoom, which is done in traditional Japanese finishes such as a calligraphy-ink wall, traditional quince tree flooring, silver Japanese alcove, concrete ceiling & shoji screen and lures one into a deep meditation. Save this picture!© Masao Nishikawa This rehearsal room located at the top of the house and the living spaces at the bottom are connected by a stair, which gradually rises through the double height space of the living room. The house is a simulacrum of Noh stage set up vertically where the daily routine of climbing up a stair gradually becomes a ritualistic walk on the runway towards the Noh stage. The soul of Noh performer is materialized into architecture.Save this picture!© Masao NishikawaProject gallerySee allShow lessEroding the Edge: Urban Landscaping in Kyiv Competition / INDEX ArchitectureArticles’Groundbreaking Women in Construction’ ConferenceArticles Share ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/132753/noh-house-koji-tsutsui-architect-associates Clipboard Noh House / Koji Tsutsui Architect & Associates Save this picture!© Masao Nishikawa+ 10 Share CopyHouses•Japan Architects: Koji Tsutsui Architect & Associates Area Area of this architecture project Japan Noh House / Koji Tsutsui Architect & AssociatesSave this projectSaveNoh House / Koji Tsutsui Architect & Associates “COPY” Area: 162 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project CopyAbout this officeKoji Tsutsui Architect & AssociatesOfficeFollowProductConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesHousesJapanPublished on May 08, 2011Cite: “Noh House / Koji Tsutsui Architect & Associates” 08 May 2011. ArchDaily. Accessed 12 Jun 2021.
17 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Howard Lake | 19 January 2008 | News AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Marketing Management for Non-profit Organizations About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.
AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis7 About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Translink and Cancer Focus NIMeanwhile, Translink, the public road and rail company in Northern Ireland, has announced a new three-year partnership with charity Cancer Focus Northern Ireland by launching a ‘Travel to a Healthier Life’ campaign.The partnership will focus on encouraging people to “put their best feet forward” by adopting a healthier lifestyle to help lower their risk of cancer. Together the new partners aim to raise awareness about cancer risks and highlight prevention messages, provide health checks, specialist support and raise vital funds.Funds raised during the three year partnership will be donated to the Cancer Focus NI’s cancer prevention Keeping Well service. This travels to local communities to provide health checks, advice and information.The charity will also provide regular health checks and information days for Translink employees and customers. Barnardo’s NI has won the Institute of Fundraising Northern Ireland Partnership of the Year Award 2018 through its partnership with PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC).The two-year partnership raised over £100,000 for Barnardo’s NI Forward Steps Sleep Programme pilot for children with autism, a new sensory room for for 5-17 year olds with a learning disability or life limiting condition and plans are underway for a new wheelchair accessible outdoor play area.In addition to fundraising, the partnership with PwC provided volunteering opportunities at different services to clean play areas, tidy gardens and takeover charity shops. Barnardo’s staff also worked with PwC to create resources and support, including new leaflets for its Child Bereavement Service, and interview and employment skills for the charity’s Dr B’s trainees.The Barnardo’s/PwC partnership was competing against 12 other entries for the award.The highly commended partnerships in the award category were:Danske Bank – Action Mental HealthMayor of Lisburn & Castlereagh City Council and TinylifeThe Institute of Fundraising Northern Ireland Annual Fundraising Awards were announced at a ceremony in Belfast on 5 June. 42 total views, 1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis7 Barnardo’s NI and PwC partnership wins award Howard Lake | 19 June 2018 | News
Farmers still have a week to cast their votes in the Indiana Soybean Alliance’s (ISA) annual election of its Board of Directors.ISA has contested races in three of its four districts this year. Ballots have been distributed to Indiana soybean farmers in Districts 1, 2 and 4 by mail, and ballots are due back to the ISA office by Thursday, July 31. Farmers in these three districts who have not received a ballot can request one by calling 317-644-2791.The candidates from District 1 are Kerry Goshert from Mentone in Kosciusko County, Adam Renbarger from Wabash in Wabash County, Kyle Tom from Warsaw in Kosciusko County, and Joe Tuholski from Mill Creek in LaPorte County.The candidates from District 2 are John Emmert from Ligonier in Noble County, David Lowe from Dunkirk in Jay County, and Jerry Osterholt from Roanoke in Huntington County.The candidates from District 4 are Roger Bommer from Brookville in Franklin County, Jim Douglas from Flat Rock in Shelby County, William Duckworth from Paragon in Morgan County, Carl Kissell from Shelbyville in Shelby County, and Anngie Steinbarger from Edinburgh in Shelby County.There is no formal election process for District 3 because of uncontested races. The re-appointed directors from District 3 are Shelley McDaniel from Boonville in Spencer County and Joe Steinkamp from Evansville in Vanderburgh County.For a full list of counties by district, visit www.indianasoybean.com/elections.Farmers who vote in the election of directors to the ISA Board must have grown a soybean crop within the past two years, must vote in the county they reside, and may vote once per farm entity. Source: ISA SHARE Facebook Twitter Indiana Soybean Checkoff Board of Directors Voting Coming to a Close Home Indiana Agriculture News Indiana Soybean Checkoff Board of Directors Voting Coming to a Close SHARE By Andy Eubank – Jul 23, 2014 Previous articleSuccession Workshop will Open Door to Important Family ConversationNext articleSprayers Move from Luxury to Essential Andy Eubank Facebook Twitter
Sam Fristachihttps://www.tcu360.com/author/sam-fristachi/ ReddIt World Oceans Day shines spotlight on marine plastic pollution Linkedin Facebook Women’s basketball falls in Big 12 Championship quarterfinals to Baylor Women’s Basketball on three-game skid after loss to Oklahoma + posts Samantha Fristachi is a senior from Massapequa, New York. She is a journalism and sports broadcasting major and a business minor. She hopes to be a sports broadcaster on ESPN one day. Hunter Ince on Sequester. Photo Courtesy of Hunter Ince. Linkedin Sam Fristachihttps://www.tcu360.com/author/sam-fristachi/ Previous articleDuggan throws career-high three picks in loss to OSU, 34-27Next articleVolleyball loses close one to Kansas State Sam Fristachi RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Sam Fristachihttps://www.tcu360.com/author/sam-fristachi/ Women’s Basketball falls to Kansas State in overtime loss Sam Fristachi Women’s Basketball falls in regular-season finale against Texas Facebook Sam Fristachihttps://www.tcu360.com/author/sam-fristachi/ Twitter printA TCU alumni will soon be featured on the online reality television show Sequester. Hunter Ince, a graduate of the Bob Schieffer College of Communication, will be one of 20 contests on the show. The show follows the group of strangers who are put into a house and have to compete against each other for the grand prize of $2,500. The show is very strategic, according to Ince. “It’s a strategic and social experiment — you have to be prepared and adapt for each round,” Ince said. Twists will be thrown at the contestants after each round to change up the game and each player’s strategy. Two people are eliminated each cycle until there are ten contestants remaining. “The first ten that were eliminated get to compete in a challenge to come back into the game,” Ince said. “The winner of that challenge joins the remaining ten and create what is called the jury.”The jury will all have a hand in voting for a winner when Sequester gets down to two finalists. The finalists will each sit in front of jury members to plead their case on why they should be the winner. Ince said he has been a long-time reality television show fan for years and it has always been a dream of his to compete in one — and win.He chose to try his hand at reality TV soon after watching Season 1 of Sequester. He made it past the preliminary rounds for the show’s second season; however, he eventually got cut from the program before filming started. Despite the setback, he reapplied for the third season and was picked to appear on the show. “I almost didn’t apply, but I am so glad that I did,” Ince said. “I was kind of discouraged after not making it Season 2.”The show was filmed from Sept. 27 to Oct. 1 right outside of Atlanta, GA.For Ince, the best way to prepare for the rounds was to keep a good attitude. “If there are rounds where one of my allies is going home that it is ok, just as long as I am still in the game,” Ince said. “It’s all right — [I] remain positive the whole time.”Ince isn’t the first Frog to step into the reality-TV spotlight. He is joined by two other TCU alumni, Alex Apple and Olivia Caridi. Alex Apple appeared on MTV’s “Stranded with a Million Dollars.” Olivia Caridi gained her notoriety from ABC’s “The Bachelor.”“I would tell [Ince] to be himself and to not worry about being some character that other people want you to be,” Apple said. “Trust your instincts — you have to come off as authentic to succeed in a lot of the games.” Caridi, who became an internet sensation following her appearance on the Bachelor, had to deal with a fair share of backlash from the internet. “I was getting so much online hate that I had my sister change all of my passwords to [my] social media [accounts] so that I could not look at it,” Caridi said. “I would recommend that for anyone going on a TV show; you have to put your mental health before anything else.” Apple and Caridi agreed that life after the show was drastically different; however, they’ve both acclimated to it now. Now, Ince is taking any advice he can get before the show airs. “I’ve had people tell me to not look at the comments at all, and I’ve had people tell me to look at the comments and take it with a grain of salt,” Ince said. “I think it’s very entertaining to see viewers speak what they think about the game, whether that’s positive or negative. I would much rather be told by viewers that it was a dumb move then get no attention at all for the move I made.”The show airs at 9 p.m. Sunday on YouTube and will be available on Amazon Prime after the show airs. Twitter ReddIt TCU places second in the National Student Advertising Competition, the highest in school history Welcome TCU Class of 2025
HSE warns of ‘widespread cancellations’ of appointments next week PSNI and Gardai urged to investigate Adams’ claims he sheltered on-the-run suspect in Donegal By News Highland – October 11, 2012 WhatsApp Pinterest Facebook Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry Previous articleStrabane denied 800 Department of Agriculture jobsNext articleSF publishes employment strategy, saying 156 jobs can be created News Highland RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Google+ Twitter Google+ Pinterest Third Chinese man arrested in relation to Malin drugs haul Dail to vote later on extending emergency Covid powers WhatsApp Facebook News Dail hears questions over design, funding and operation of Mica redress scheme Man arrested in Derry on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences released Twitter Gardai have confirmed that cannabis plants uncovered in a cultivation factory outside Malin yesterday morning are worth in excess of 1 million euro.The haul was discovered yesterday in a commercial unit.A third man has been arrested in relation with the find. Two men were also arrested at the scene yesterday morning.The three men are all of Chinese origin, and are all being held at Buncrana Garda Station for questioning.Speaking on todays Shaun Doherty Show, Superintendent Kevin English, said there’s a possibility that the men involved are part of an organised crime gang….[podcast]http://www.highlandradio.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/10/keng1pm.mp3[/podcast]
Top Stories’Tribunal Rules 2020 Against Principles Of Separation Of Powers & Judicial Independence’: Madras Bar Association Moves SC Nilashish Chaudhary9 Aug 2020 6:25 AMShare This – xThe Madras Bar Association has filed a writ petition in the Supreme Court challenging the constitutionality of the ‘Tribunal, Appellate Tribunal and other Authorities (Qualifications, Experience and other Conditions of Service of Members) Rules, 2020 (‘Tribunal Rules 2020)’.It is contended that the Rules are in “contravention of the principles of separation of powers, independence of…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginThe Madras Bar Association has filed a writ petition in the Supreme Court challenging the constitutionality of the ‘Tribunal, Appellate Tribunal and other Authorities (Qualifications, Experience and other Conditions of Service of Members) Rules, 2020 (‘Tribunal Rules 2020)’.It is contended that the Rules are in “contravention of the principles of separation of powers, independence of the judiciary (both being part of the basic structure of our Constitution), and are against efficient and effective administration of justice”.The Rules were notified by the Central Government in February 2020, exercising powers under Section 184 of the Finance Act 2017, after the Supreme Court set aside the similar rules made in 2017 in the decision Rojer Mathew v. South Indian Bank Ltd delivered on November 13, 2019.The Constitution Bench also referred to larger bench the issue whether the Finance Act 2017 could have been passed as a money bill, after expressing doubts over the correctness of treating Aadhar Act as money bill.The Constitution Bench held in Rojer Mathew that the 2017 Rules were ultra vires “”for contravening the principles of separation of powers, diluting the independence of the Judiciary and for being against previous decisions of this Hon’ble Court.” The petition states that the very same problem is present in the new 2020 Rules as well.To ensure judicial independence, the SC has laid down several principles regarding the constitution of Tribunals, such as :Judicial dominance in appointment process – the majority of the selection committee should be members of the judiciary and Chief Justice of India should have a casting vote.Chairpersons and Presiding Officers should be judicial officers.Persons who are not judges or practising advocates should not be appointed as judicial members.Only Senior bureaucrats with adjudicatory experience can be appointed as technical members.There should be a term of at least 5 to 7 years for the members.The administrative control of the Tribunal should not be with the parent department. All Tribunals should be under a single nodal agency, preferably the Ministry of Law andThe MBA argues that the 2020 Rules do not fulfil these principles laid down in decisions such as Rojer Mathew, and Union of India v R. Gandhi, (2010) 11 SCC 1, Madras Bar Association v Union of India, (2014) 10 SCC 1.It is pointed out that judicial dominance has not been provided for in the Search-cum-Selection Committees. Further, no casting vote has been provided to the Chief Justice of India. Persons without judicial or legal experience can become Presiding Officers of some Tribunals.”The Executive has administrative and financial control (eg, as the leave sanctioning authority and salaries) and in the appointments process (as part of the Search-cumSelection Committee). Even the Parent Department is included in the appointment process, despite the clear conflict in interest”, the petition states.It is also pointed out that practising advocates are excluded from the zone of consideration for appointment of Chairpersons of Debts Recovery Tribunals, Administrative Tribunals etc (Petitions are pending in Kerala and Madras High Courts raising this issue).Tribunal Rules 2020 : Old Wine In New Bottle? Citing such grounds, the petition prays :”the Petitioner herein submits that the 2020 Rules ought to be struck down for being violative of Articles 14 and 21 for being arbitrary and unreasonable, against the principles of Separation of Powers and Independence of the Judiciary, and in contravention of previous decisions of this Hon’ble Court”.The petition is filed through Advocate TVS Raghavendra Sreyas and is drawn by Advocates Rahul Unnikrishnan and Naveen Hegde. The plea is settled by Senior Advocate Arvind Datar. Next Story