GambleAware calls for mandatory levy in Gambling Act review consultation

first_imgGambleAware reported that in the last twelve months, it received £15.6m in voluntary donations, a rise from £11m the previous year. In June 2020 the Betting and Gaming Council pledged £100m to GambleAware on behalf of 4 largest gambling operators in Britain: Bet365, GVC Holdings, Flutter Entertainment and William Hill. Topics: Legal Regulation Currently, British gambling law requires licensed British operators to donate a portion of funds to responsible gambling initiatives, but there is no minimum on how much should be donated. Legal Independent charity GambleAware has published its submission to the Department of Digital Culture, Media and Sport’s (DCMS) Gambling Act review, specifying the need for a mandatory levy. GambleAware calls for mandatory levy in Gambling Act review consultation It comes in response to the UK government’s December 2020 review of the 2005 Gambling Act. As part of the review, the DCMS launched a call for new evidence to investigate issues such as spend limits and how gambling affects young adults. Subscribe to the iGaming newsletter Most prominently, GambleAware continued its advocacy for a mandatory levy to fund research, education and treatment (RET) related to gambling and gambling-related harm. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to FacebookFacebookShare to TwitterTwitter The findings are intended to inform changes to the 2005 Gambling Act.center_img In March GambleAware reported a significant rise in the portion of problem gamblers who seek treatment for their gambling. “The voluntary nature of the current arrangements results inevitably in uncertainty of funding year to year and to significant variations in cash flow within the year,” the submission reads. Tags: GambleAware Regions: UK & Ireland 12th April 2021 | By Marese O’Hagan In addition, GambleAware pointed to various pieces of research that may help inform the review in other areas. This included research that found just 5% of accounts represent more than 70% of British betting and gaming gross gambling yield. The submission outlines ongoing issues in the gambling sector found by GambleAware, with a particular focus on prevention of gambling harms and research to inform policy. “This unpredictable funding model represents a significant challenge given that a key function of GambleAware as a commissioning body is to provide assurance to funded services about recurrent income streams so that expert clinical teams can be established and sustained to provide treatment and support for those who need help.” Email Addresslast_img read more

E.A Portland Cement Company Limited (PORT.ke) 2015 Abridged Report

first_imgE.A Portland Cement Company Limited (PORT.ke) listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchange under the Building & Associated sector has released it’s 2015 abridged results.For more information about E.A Portland Cement Company Limited (PORT.ke) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the E.A Portland Cement Company Limited (PORT.ke) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: E.A Portland Cement Company Limited (PORT.ke)  2015 abridged results.Company ProfileEast African Portland Cement Company Limited manufactures and sells cement for the building and construction sectors in East Africa. The company produces a range of cement products including Portland cement and Portland pozzolanic cement for cementing, mortar and concreate building applications. It also supplies custom-made cement products for the construction trade. East African Portland Cement Company Limited sells its products under the Blue Triangle Cement brand. Other brands in its product portfolio include Falcon Cabro, Olympia Cabro, Tri-Hex Cabro, Cosmic Cabro and Brick (Quad) Cabro. East African Portland Cement Company Uganda Limited is a subsidiary of the company. East African Portland Cement Company Limited is listed on the Nairobi Securities Exchangelast_img read more

4 penny stocks I’d buy before the Stocks and Shares ISA deadline

first_img Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! Royston Wild has no position in any of the shares mentioned. The Motley Fool UK has no position in any of the shares mentioned. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. The 5 April deadline is quickly approaching for UK share investors to max out this year’s ISA allowance. I’ve been on the lookout for some of the best stocks to buy before the cut-off date. And I’ve come across some top quality penny stocks I’ve since added to my watchlist.Penny stocks are companies whose shares cost less than £1 apiece. The downside is that their cheapness can make them prone to extreme price volatility. But this means a lot of UK share investors tend to stay away from them and, as a result, some truly-brilliant businesses are being overlooked.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…Here are four of those penny shares I’m thinking of adding to my Stocks and Shares ISA:#1: Legal eaglesDWF Group is a provider of legal and business services in Europe, The Americas and Asia. And it’s expanding aggressively to give revenues a serious shot in the arm. Indeed, net revenues leapt 15% in the six months to October, thanks to the contribution of its recently-acquired RCD division in Spain. Bear in mind though, there’s always the risk that acquisitions can fail to live up to expectations and that integration with the wider group can throw up other problems. DWF trades at 84p per share.#2: Home comfortsA bright outlook for the Irish homes market is encouraging me to invest in Cairn Homes today. Housebuilders like this usually suffer during periods of extreme economic uncertainty. But this penny stock is benefitting from a mixture of favourable lending conditions and significant government support which is driving demand for newbuild homes through the roof (so to speak). I think it’s a top buy despite the threat that interest rates might rise to curb inflation. This would impact affordability for many aspiring buyers that might hit demand for its homes. Cairn Homes trades at 90p per share.#3: Cleaning upI think McBride is a highly-attractive share for uncertain times like these. This UK penny stock manufactures household cleaning and laundry goods, the sort of products which remain in demand regardless of broader economic conditions. Revenues rose 2% in the six months to December, a result the company said reflected “continued strong demand for cleaning products due to the Covid-19 pandemic.” Meanwhile, pre-tax profit more than doubled year-on-year. I’d buy McBride despite the threat posed by increasing competition in the home products sector. It trades at 85p a share.#4: Green giantGetting in on the green revolution is also a great investment idea as lawmakers step up efforts to save the planet. And I believe buying shares in recycling specialist Renewi is an attractive way to do that. This penny stock — which trades at 47p per share — provides waste-to-product services across the UK and the Low Countries. Cash generation at Renewi has improved markedly recently, but be careful as debt levels remain high. The company will likely have a leverage ratio of around 2.5 times at the end of March. Royston Wild | Wednesday, 17th March, 2021 I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997”center_img I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. Image source: Getty Images Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. 4 penny stocks I’d buy before the Stocks and Shares ISA deadline Enter Your Email Address See all posts by Royston Wildlast_img read more

6 Residential Houses / RÜBSAMEN+PARTNER

first_imgArchDaily Germany Save this picture!Courtesy of RÜBSAMEN+PARTNER+ 6 Share Apartments 6 Residential Houses / RÜBSAMEN+PARTNERSave this projectSave6 Residential Houses / RÜBSAMEN+PARTNER Save this picture!Courtesy of RÜBSAMEN+PARTNERText description provided by the architects. The revitalization of traditional neighborhoods of the pre-and postwar asks to a modernization of the floor after careful targeted buildings, which stimulate, in part, “spilled” residential quality of this valuable new areas. The focus is on careful planning, the latest housing needs and demographic change according to the total district.  Save this picture!Courtesy of RÜBSAMEN+PARTNERClose to the center of Bochum in district Altenbochum, Rübsamen + Partners planned not only the modernization of the original building from the 30s and 50s, but also a number of new dwellings specifically for the purposes of sustainable units. The “multi-family homes ICS” at the Immanuel Kant Street include 48 residential units and meet the building typology of a detached rental or apartment building with direct access to the back green areas. All apartments are three sides aligned and exposed. By making the parking space directly under the buildings there is no additional space for outdoor spaces lost. Save this picture!Courtesy of RÜBSAMEN+PARTNERThe newly created residences offer a considerable degree of “more quality” over the existing row houses, and also manages a gentle compression of the existing buildings, without compromising on contemporary layout and design qualities. Old and new buildings all benefit from an appreciation of the quarter, the result of a holistic dealing with public space and private zones in terms of a livable, sustainable neighborhood.Save this picture!site planProject gallerySee allShow less2013 Design for Biodiversity Symposium: Architectural Approaches to Urban EcologyArticlesmodeLab Introduction to Simulation with Kangaroo WebinarArticlesProject locationAddress:Bochum, GermanyLocation to be used only as a reference. It could indicate city/country but not exact address. Share CopyAbout this officeRÜBSAMEN+PARTNEROfficeFollow#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousingApartmentsDabasBochumHousing3D ModelingGermanyPublished on January 11, 2013Cite: “6 Residential Houses / RÜBSAMEN+PARTNER” 11 Jan 2013. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogPartitionsSkyfoldChoosing the Skyfold Wall for Your SpaceVinyl Walls3MVinyl Finish – DI-NOC™ SandShowerhansgroheShowers – Raindance SelectWoodEGGERTimberSignage / Display SystemsGoppionDisplay Case – Bre-ClassMetallicsTrimoMetal Panels for Roofs – Trimoterm SNVLightsLouis PoulsenOutdoor Lighting – Flindt PlazaStonesMikado QuartzQuartz Slab – MarbleWoodStructureCraftEngineering – Long-Span StructuresWoodBlumer LehmannAssembly and Logistics of Wood ProjectsHandlesKarcher DesignDoor Handle Madeira ER45Chairs / Benches / CouchesArperModular Sofa – LoopMore products »Save想阅读文章的中文版本吗?6栋住宅 / RÜBSAMEN+PARTNER是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream Architects: RÜBSAMEN+PARTNER Year Completion year of this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/317733/6-residential-houses-rubsamenpartner Clipboard CopyApartments•Bochum, Germany “COPY” Year:  Projects 6 Residential Houses / RÜBSAMEN+PARTNER “COPY” 2009 ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/317733/6-residential-houses-rubsamenpartner Clipboardlast_img read more

HiQ chooses Breast Cancer Care as charity of the year

first_img Tagged with: charity of the year corporate The company aims to raise £100,000 over the year and has set each HiQ centre a target of at least £500. HiQ marketing manager Geraldine McGovern said the charity was the perfect fit for HiQ, as it reached out to a female audience, many of whom are unaware of the services that HiQ provides. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis www.breastcancercare.org.uk HiQ chooses Breast Cancer Care as charity of the year  41 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThiscenter_img Howard Lake | 25 March 2009 | News Tyre, batteries and exhausts distributor HiQ has chosen Breast Cancer Care as its charity of the year. The company launched Project Pink at the British Touring Car Championship press day at Rockingham, Northamptonshire with championship drivers donning pink hats and wigs to celebrate the partnership. Fundraising events planned for the year will include a HiQ fundraising ‘Pinkmobile’ stopping off at centres across the UK, and Strawberry Tea picnics at various stages of the year. Advertisement About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving.last_img read more

Beautifulworld digital digest

first_img  18 total views,  2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Howard Lake | 26 May 2011 | News Beautifulworld digital digest Tagged with: Digital About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Presented at the 10th NFPtweetup on 24 May 2011 by @ashleynclarke, this covers the importance of social search, campaign monitoring and mobile. Based on the Twitter conversations around the event, it looked like the significance of social search had not dawned on many people, until now.last_img read more

RSF outraged by harassment of La Voix de Djibouti web editor

first_img July 17, 2020 Find out more Organisation La Voix de Djibouti is not run by “opposition illiterates,” RSF says News August 4, 2020 Find out more DjiboutiAfrica DjiboutiAfrica RSF_en Follow the news on Djibouti Reporters Without Borders (RSF) is outraged at the judicial harassment of Maydaneh Abdallah Okieh, the website editor of the independent radio station La Voix de Djibouti (LVD), the first independent radio station in Djibouti’s recent history. He could face imprisonment unless he pays an exorbitant fine of more than 11,000 US dollars.Okieh, who works as both journalist and technician for the news site, which was set up in 2010 by the Djibouti diaspora, was arrested on Monday this week by the police in the capital for failure to comply with a court order, and released two days later by the public prosecutor’s office.However, he must still pay 2,084,000 Djibouti francs, equivalent to 11,740 US dollars, in libel damages to Lieutenant-Colonel Elmi Daher Miguil in May 2013. If he fails to do so, he could be imprisoned again.Okieh was charged with “insulting a police officer” and “defaming the police” for posting photographs on Facebook showing police breaking up a peaceful demonstration. He has already served five months in jail, from 15 May to 19 October 2013, although he was originally sentenced to 45 days’ imprisonment. He described the conditions in which he was held as “inhuman”, saying he was tortured and refused medial attention. “The charges against Maydaneh Abdallah Okieh are without foundation and amount to nothing less than harassment on the part of the Djibouti authorities against a stalwart of the first free and critical radio station in Djibouti’s history,” said Virginie Dangles the deputy programme director of RSF.“Together with the diaspora, he is fighting to keep the public of Djibouti informed and publishes free and independent news and information which has been irritating Djibouti’s ruling dictatorship for a long time. We urge the authorities to end this harassment and scrap this ridiculous fine against a journalist who is just going about his work.” Okieh, listed by RSF as one of its 100 information heroes in 2014, has been arrested many times over, and has been ill-treated by the Djibouti authorities and wrongfully convicted. His last arbitrary arrest was in the March last year for covering a meeting in Balbala of the National Salvation Union (USN), an alliance of seven opposition parties, during which he again witnessed the violent dispersal of demonstrators by the police. He was accused of disturbing public order.In 2013, he spent a month in prison for inciting rebellion and inciting illegal demonstrations. Djibouti, whose government signed a framework agreement on political dialogue with the USN in December last year, is ranked 170th of 180 countries in the 2015 World Press Freedom Index compiled by Reporters Without Borders. Another Voix de Djibouti reporter arrested in Djibouti Citycenter_img News News May 23, 2015 – Updated on January 20, 2016 RSF outraged by harassment of La Voix de Djibouti web editor Receive email alerts Djibouti: Detained reporter’s home searched, Facebook account hacked Help by sharing this information December 9, 2020 Find out more to go further Newslast_img read more

Global Adeno-Associated Virus (AAV) Vectors in Gene Therapy Market to 2030 – Insight, Epidemiology…

first_img Facebook Previous articleFlorida, Notre Dame schedule home-and-home series in ’31-32Next articlePureFacts accélère sa croissance en recrutant une directrice en charge du développement du chiffre d’affaire expérimentée du classement “Fortune 500” Digital AIM Web Support By Digital AIM Web Support – February 9, 2021 Twitter WhatsApp DUBLIN–(BUSINESS WIRE)–Feb 9, 2021– The “Adeno-Associated Virus (AAV) Vectors in Gene Therapy – Market Insight, Epidemiology and Market Forecast – 2030” drug pipelines has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com’s offering. This report delivers an in-depth understanding of the AAV Vector Based Gene Therapy, historical and forecasted epidemiology as well as the AAV Vector Based Gene Therapy market trends in the United States, EU5 (Germany, France, Italy, Spain, and United Kingdom), and Japan. The AAV Vector Based Gene Therapy market report provides emerging drugs, AAV Vector Based Gene Therapy market share of the individual diseases, current and forecasted AAV Vector Based Gene Therapy market size from 2017 to 2030 segmented by seven major markets. The Report also covers current AAV Vector Based Gene Therapy market drivers, market barriers and unmet medical needs to curate best of the opportunities and assesses underlying potential of the market. The AAV Vector Based Gene Therapy epidemiology division provides the insights about historical and current AAV Vector Based Gene Therapy patient pool and forecasted trend for each seven major countries. It helps to recognize the causes of current and forecasted trends by exploring numerous studies and views of key opinion leaders. This part of The report also provides the diagnosed patient pool and their trends along with assumptions undertaken. Key Findings The disease epidemiology covered in the report provides historical as well as forecasted AAV Gene Therapies epidemiology [segmented as Total cases of AAV Gene Therapy Targeted Indications, Total diagnosed indication-specific cases, Number of Patients Eligible for AAV Gene Therapy and Total treated cases] scenario of AAV Gene Therapy in the 7MM covering United States, EU5 countries (Germany, France, Italy, Spain, and United Kingdom), and Japan from 2017 to 2030. Country Wise- AAV Vector Based Gene Therapy Epidemiology Estimates show that the highest cases of AAV vector based gene therapy in the 7MM were in the United States, followed by Germany, Japan, France, the United kingdom, Italy, and Spain in 2017. AAV vector based gene therapy Drug Chapters Drug chapter segment of the AAV vector based gene therapy report encloses the detailed analysis of AAV vector based gene therapy marketed drugs and late stage (Phase-III and Phase-II) pipeline drugs. It also helps to understand the AAV vector based gene therapy clinical trial details, expressive pharmacological action, agreements and collaborations, approval and patent details, advantages and disadvantages of each included drug and the latest news and press releases. Scope of the ReportThe report covers a detailed overview of the development of AAV vectors and gene therapies based on them across the various therapeutic areas and several selected indications, explaining its various serotypes, benefits, and challenges for futureComprehensive insight has been provided into the AAV Vector Based Gene Therapy epidemiology and treatment in the 7MM.Additionally, an all-inclusive account of both the current and emerging therapies for AAV Vector Based Gene Therapy is provided, along with the assessment of new therapies, which will have an impact on the current treatment landscape.A detailed review of AAV Vector Based Gene Therapy market; historical and forecasted is included in the report, covering drug outreach in the 7MM.The report provides an edge while developing business strategies, by understanding trends shaping and driving the global AAV Vector Based Gene Therapy market. AAV Vector Based Gene Therapy Report InsightsPatient PopulationTherapeutic ApproachesAAV Vector Based Gene Therapy Pipeline AnalysisAAV Vector Based Gene Therapy Market Size and TrendsMarket OpportunitiesImpact of upcoming Therapies AAV Vector Based Gene Therapy Report Key Strengths11 Years Forecast7MM CoverageAAV Vector Based Gene Therapy Epidemiology SegmentationKey Cross CompetitionHighly Analyzed MarketDrugs Uptake AAV Vector Based Gene Therapy Report AssessmentSWOT AnalysisCurrent Treatment PracticesUnmet NeedsPipeline Product ProfilesConjoint AnalysisMarket AttractivenessMarket Drivers and Barriers Reasons to BuyThe report will help in developing business strategies by understanding trends shaping and driving the AAV Vector Based Gene Therapy market.To understand the future market competition in the AAV Vector Based Gene Therapy market and Insightful review of the key market drivers and barriers.Organize sales and marketing efforts by identifying the best opportunities for AAV Vector Based Gene Therapy in the US, Europe (Germany, France, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom) and Japan.Identification of strong upcoming players in market will help in devising strategies that will help in getting ahead of competitors.Organize sales and marketing efforts by identifying the best opportunities for AAV Vector Based Gene Therapy market.To understand the future market competition in the AAV Vector Based Gene Therapy market. Companies MentionedAmicus TherapeuticsAsklepios BiopharmaceuticalBioMarin PharmaceuticalHorama S.AMeiraGTx UK II LtdNeurocrine BiosciencesNightstaRxPfizerRocheSangamo TherapeuticsSarepta TherapeuticsSpark TherapeuticsVoyager Therapeutics For more information about this drug pipelines report visit https://www.researchandmarkets.com/r/p3sdwo View source version on businesswire.com:https://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210209005920/en/ CONTACT: ResearchAndMarkets.com Laura Wood, Senior Press Manager [email protected] For E.S.T Office Hours Call 1-917-300-0470 For U.S./CAN Toll Free Call 1-800-526-8630 For GMT Office Hours Call +353-1-416-8900 KEYWORD: INDUSTRY KEYWORD: HEALTH GENERAL HEALTH SOURCE: Research and Markets Copyright Business Wire 2021. PUB: 02/09/2021 11:16 AM/DISC: 02/09/2021 11:16 AM http://www.businesswire.com/news/home/20210209005920/en TAGS  Facebookcenter_img Global Adeno-Associated Virus (AAV) Vectors in Gene Therapy Market to 2030 – Insight, Epidemiology and Forecasts – ResearchAndMarkets.com Local NewsBusiness Twitter Pinterest WhatsApp Pinterestlast_img read more

One dead after four shot in Colorado business complex

first_imgiStock/Thinkstock(WESTMINSTER, Colo.) — One male who was among the four people shot Thursday afternoon in a Colorado business complex has died, while his mother and brother were in critical condition, police said.Another male victim was shot in the complex’s parking lot and is expected to survive, authorities said.Police have arrested a suspect. The motive for the attack in Westminster, Colorado, is unknown.Authorities were expected to release the suspect’s identity later on Friday. Copyright © 2018, ABC Radio. All rights reserved.last_img

Geochemistry of the 1100 Ma intrusive rocks from the Ahlmannryggen region, Dronning Maud Land, Antarctica

first_imgThe recognition of a Mesoproterozoic large igneous province (LIP) across large parts of southern Africa has been strengthened by recent geochronology, geochemistry and petrology. The c. 1100 Ma Umkondo province has been recognized across parts of Botswana, Zimbabwe, South Africa and Mozambique where tholeiitic sills, dykes and rare lava flows have been correlated into a single magmatic province emplaced in the interval 1108–1112 Ma. The extension of the province into the Dronning Maud Land region of Antarctica has been suggested by several workers, but detailed analyses of geochemistry and petrogenesis are lacking, as are comparative studies. This study investigates 25 dykes and sills of the Borgmassivet intrusions which include several of the major diorite sills of the province, up to 300 m in thickness. The dykes and sills are also considered to be c. 1100 Ma and they were emplaced, in part, synchronously with the Ritscherflya Supergroup sedimentary sequence. The Borgmassivet intrusions are characterized by geochemical signatures that suggest the magmas were either extensively contaminated by continental crust or derived from an enriched lithospheric mantle source, where the enrichment was related to earlier subduction. The limited geochemical range of the Borgmassivet and Umkondo intrusions are probably not consistent with significant levels of crustal contamination. Furthermore, the trace element ratios indicate a source in the sub-lithospheric mantle, followed by gabbroic fractionation and interaction with lithospheric wall rocks.last_img read more