Sechaba Brewery Holdings Limited (SECHAB.bw) listed on the Botswana Stock Exchange under the Beverages sector has released it’s 2006 annual report.For more information about Sechaba Brewery Holdings Limited (SECHAB.bw) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Sechaba Brewery Holdings Limited (SECHAB.bw) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Sechaba Brewery Holdings Limited (SECHAB.bw) 2006 annual report.Company ProfileSechaba Brewery Holdings Limited is an investment holding company with 60% controlling interest in Kgalagadi Breweries Limited (KLB) and Botswana Breweries (Pty) Limited. Kgalagadi Breweries produces lager beers, traditional beers, bottled water and soft drinks under license. The brewery has four traditional beer breweries, a clear beer brewery, a sparkling soft drinks production plant and six sales and distribution centres in Botswana. SABMiller has a 40% stake in Kgalagadi Breweries and has management control over the operation; offering manufacturing and technical expertise, brand building and distribution expertise. Botswana Breweries produces traditional opaque beer made from sorghum and maize under the brand names Chibuku and Phafana. The Botswana Development Corporation has a 25.6% shareholding in Sechaba Breweries Holdings Limited.
As a turbulent 2020 draws to a close, it’s time to consider which UK shares to buy for next year.It’s hoped that recent developments on a Covid-19 vaccine will help the global economy rebound strongly. But even if the coronavirus crisis drags into 2021 — and economic conditions don’t improve significantly over the next 12 months — there are still plenty of top-quality UK shares that should thrive in the short-to-medium term.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…An added bonus is that a great many five-star stocks trade at rock-bottom prices following the 2020 stock market crash. This provides an opportunity for investors to supercharge their long-term returns by buying low today and selling at a much meatier price later on.Cheap UK shares with BIG dividendsHere are a few top-class UK shares I’m thinking of adding to my Stocks and Shares ISA today. They’re dirt cheap and they’re expected to continue paying fatty dividends to their shareholders as well:Sabre Insurance Group is a terrific selection for 2021. The car insurance colossus trades on an undemanding price-to-earnings (P/E) ratio of 14 times for 2021 right now. And this UK share’s forward-looking 6% dividend yield blows the market average out of the water too. Car insurers like this aren’t at the mercy of the economic cycle as their products are legally required by drivers. But this isn’t the only reason why Sabre Insurance is a great buy for next year. I’m also encouraged by signs that gross written premiums have picked up at the business in recent months.6.7% dividend yields!Getting exposure to the e-commerce market is another sound idea as online sales in the UK balloon. One great way for investors to do this is by buying shares in Urban Logistics REIT. This UK share provides logistics facilities that allow businesses to get their goods straight to their customers. And it remains active on the acquisition front to bolster profits growth in the coming years. Expectations that earnings will surge 36% in the upcoming financial year (to March 2022) leaves it trading on a corresponding P/E ratio of just 14 times. And this bodes well for dividend investors as well. Under real estate investment trust rules, Urban Logistics is expected to pay nine-tenths of yearly profits to its shareholders in the form of dividends. As a consequence, this UK share carries a monster 6.7% dividend yield for fiscal 2022.GlaxoSmithKline also offers plenty of all-round value at today’s prices. As well as trading on an earnings multiple of 12 times for 2021, the FTSE 100 pharmaceuticals colossus carries a mighty 5.9% dividend yield. Not only does the essential nature of its products make this a brilliant UK share for these uncertain times. But I expect profits at Glaxo to steadily rise over the long term as global healthcare investment climbs and its packed development pipeline delivers the next generation of blockbuster drugs. See all posts by Royston Wild Image source: Getty Images. I’d spend £5k right now on these 3 cheap dividend-paying UK shares for 2021 “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997” Enter Your Email Address Royston Wild | Wednesday, 11th November, 2020 I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. Royston Wild has no position in any of the shares mentioned. The Motley Fool UK has recommended GlaxoSmithKline. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement.
I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. Image source: Getty Images. Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares I’m sure you’ll agree that’s quite the statement from Motley Fool Co-Founder Tom Gardner.But since our US analyst team first recommended shares in this unique tech stock back in 2016, the value has soared.What’s more, we firmly believe there’s still plenty of upside in its future. In fact, even throughout the current coronavirus crisis, its performance has been beating Wall St expectations.And right now, we’re giving you a chance to discover exactly what has got our analysts all fired up about this niche industry phenomenon, in our FREE special report, A Top US Share From The Motley Fool. Stock market crash 2020: how I’d capitalise on a rare chance to get rich Click here to claim your copy now — and we’ll tell you the name of this Top US Share… free of charge! Many shares haven’t yet recovered from the 2020 stock market crash. Despite improving investor sentiment and the prospect of a brighter economic outlook in the long run, some stocks continue to trade at cheap prices.Buying them could prove to be a profitable long-term move. Through building a diverse portfolio of high-quality companies presently experiencing weak operating conditions, it may be possible to generate a surprisingly large nest egg in the coming years.5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…Buying high-quality shares after the stock market crashA number of today’s cheap shares are still unpopular many months after the stock market crash because of their weak near-term outlooks. Some sectors, such as energy, financial services and leisure, are facing unprecedented challenges at the present time.In many cases, their potential to grow sales and profit in the short run is very limited. As such, investor sentiment towards them is weak. This has caused their share prices to lag the wider index in many cases.Buying such companies may not seem to be an attractive idea to many investors. However, those companies that have difficult operating conditions, while also having solid financial positions and a competitive advantage, may offer recovery potential over the long run.They may emerge in a stronger position after the stock market crash relative to their weaker sector peers. This may enable them to deliver improving financial performances in the coming years that translates into rising stock prices.Diversification in a stock market recoveryIt’s easy to become complacent as a stock market recovery replaces a stock market crash. This may lead to a portfolio that lacks diversity, in terms of the number and range of companies held within it.However, as this year’s market decline showed, a bull market can quickly turn into a bear market. This can come without any warning. Yes, it may be tempting to only invest in the very best shares available at the present time.But ensuring a portfolio is diversified could be crucial in generating high returns in the coming years. After all, it’s unclear which companies and sectors will deliver growth in what could be a fast-paced and different economic outlook in a post-coronavirus world.A long-term approach to buying cheap sharesOf course, a second stock market crash could occur in the near term. Risks such as Brexit and the coronavirus pandemic may remain in place for some time. They could prompt a period of weaker investor sentiment and a more challenging period for the world economy’s performance.As such, taking a long-term view of any stocks purchased now could be important in generating high returns. The stock market has always posted new record highs after its various declines. Using a buy-and-hold strategy may enable an investor to take advantage of a similar outcome after the 2020 stock market crash. Peter Stephens | Tuesday, 22nd December, 2020 Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. See all posts by Peter Stephens Enter Your Email Address “This Stock Could Be Like Buying Amazon in 1997”
I reckon these 5 FTSE 100 stocks could be among the best shares to buy today Rupert Hargreaves owns no share mentioned. The Motley Fool UK has recommended Halma. Views expressed on the companies mentioned in this article are those of the writer and therefore may differ from the official recommendations we make in our subscription services such as Share Advisor, Hidden Winners and Pro. Here at The Motley Fool we believe that considering a diverse range of insights makes us better investors. I’ve been looking for the best shares to buy today. And I’ve found plenty of attractive looking stocks in the FTSE 100. My best shares to buy todayThe shares I’ve been considering can be broadly split into two different buckets—companies that have benefited from the pandemic, and those that may benefit from the recovery. 5G is here – and shares of this ‘sleeping giant’ could be a great way for you to potentially profit!According to one leading industry firm, the 5G boom could create a global industry worth US$12.3 TRILLION out of thin air…And if you click here we’ll show you something that could be key to unlocking 5G’s full potential…Businesses that fall into the second bucket include BHP, Rio Tinto and Anglo American. These are some of the largest mining companies in the world. They produce everything from iron ore, a key steel component, to coal, copper, nickel, platinum and even diamonds. Countries worldwide are already developing economic plans to help recover from the pandemic. For example, the UK is planning to spend as much as £100bn on infrastructure projects over the next few years. Chinese policymakers have plans to spend as much as £5.7trn. These massive infrastructure commitments will require tremendous amounts of resources. That should be great news for BHP, Rio Tinto and Anglo American. Demand is already translating into higher prices. The price of iron ore has increased by nearly 100% over the past 12 months. These tailwinds are the reasons why I believe these FTSE 100 companies could be some of the best shares to buy today. That said, these businesses aren’t without their risks.Mining can be a challenging profession. Corporations have to deal with labour disputes and health and safety issues all the time. These can push up costs and hit profit margins. At the same time, the commodity market can be highly cyclical. Just because iron ore prices have increased over the past 12 months doesn’t mean that will continue to be the case. They could fall just as fast, leading to large losses for mining enterprises. Still, I’d buy these stocks for my portfolio based on their income and growth potential. FTSE 100 growth The other bucket of investments that I reckon could be some of the best shares to buy now are businesses that have prospered in the pandemic. Companies that fall into this bracket, in my opinion, include Bunzl and Halma. Bunzl’s sales increased by a mid-single-digit percentage in the third quarter of last year. Meanwhile, Halma projected a decline in profits for the year of between 10% to 15%. That’s not the best return, but it’s better than many other FTSE 100 companies. Unfortunately, just because these firms have performed well over the past 12 months, doesn’t mean they’ll continue to do so. However, both organisations have an impressive track record of being able to grow through both the good and bad times. They’ve used a mix of organic expansion and acquisitions to drive growth. This strategy isn’t without its challenges. Buying smaller firms can end up in disaster, and if these companies spend too much, they could run into problems with their creditors.Both Halma and Bunzl are also labour-intensive businesses. That exposes them to the risk of rising wages, which could hit profit margins and cause the groups to lose customers if they raise prices. Nevertheless, I’d buy these FTSE 100 firms for my portfolio. Our 6 ‘Best Buys Now’ Shares Click here to get access to our presentation, and learn how to get the name of this ‘double agent’! Renowned stock-picker Mark Rogers and his analyst team at The Motley Fool UK have named 6 shares that they believe UK investors should consider buying NOW.So if you’re looking for more stock ideas to try and best position your portfolio today, then it might be a good day for you. Because we’re offering a full 33% off your first year of membership to our flagship share-tipping service, backed by our ‘no quibbles’ 30-day subscription fee refund guarantee. There’s a ‘double agent’ hiding in the FTSE… we recommend you buy it! Enter Your Email Address Image source: Getty Images Rupert Hargreaves | Saturday, 6th February, 2021 Simply click below to discover how you can take advantage of this. I would like to receive emails from you about product information and offers from The Fool and its business partners. Each of these emails will provide a link to unsubscribe from future emails. More information about how The Fool collects, stores, and handles personal data is available in its Privacy Statement. Don’t miss our special stock presentation.It contains details of a UK-listed company our Motley Fool UK analysts are extremely enthusiastic about.They think it’s offering an incredible opportunity to grow your wealth over the long term – at its current price – regardless of what happens in the wider market.That’s why they’re referring to it as the FTSE’s ‘double agent’.Because they believe it’s working both with the market… And against it.To find out why we think you should add it to your portfolio today… See all posts by Rupert Hargreaves
Can’t get to the shops? You can download the digital edition of Rugby World straight to your tablet or subscribe to the print edition to get the magazine delivered to your door.Follow Rugby World on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. He started working for the WRU as a coach in 2004.6. Jenkins was awarded an MBE for services to sport in 2000 and appointed Honorary President of Pontypridd RFC in 2019.7. Jenkins admitted his marksmanship improved on the 1997 Lions tour to South Africa when he encountered Dave Alred, the former England kicking coach who famously worked with Jonny Wilkinson, for the first time.“It was a real eye-opener and it helped me massively. I learnt an awful lot from him: I actually started using a tee rather than sand, which I hadn’t thought was possible for me,” said Jenkins.8. A BBC documentary about the player was entitled Working Class Hero and his autobiography, co-written with journalist Paul Rees, is entitled Life at Number 10.9. Jenkins famously suffered from pre-match nerves – he was seen being sick on the iconic Living With Lions documentary of the 1997 tour.His fellow tourist Jerry Guscott later wrote of Jenkins, in his diary of the trip: “Great goalkicker, great laugh. Despite his superb discipline and confidence as a goalkicker, which did so much to win the series, there’s a funny sort of insecurity there.”10. Probably Jenkins’s most famous kick was his conversion of Scott Gibbs’s try that won the 1999 Five Nations game against England at Wembley. Not only did it give Wales a 32-31 win but it denied England a Grand Slam and handed Scotland the title.He once said of kicking: “I imagine putting all my problems in a black box and closing the black box and putting them behind me out of the way.” Who is Neil Jenkins: Ten things you should know about the Lions assistant coachNeil Jenkins’s playing career spanned both the amateur and professional era, and after retiring he moved into coaching and is now a highly-respected kicking coach.Here are a few facts and stats about the former Wales fly-half.Ten things you should know about Neil Jenkins1. Neil Jenkins was named as part of a British & Irish Lions party for the sixth time when he was announced as an assistant to Warren Gatland for the Lions 2021 tour to South Africa.Jenkins was a player in the series win over the Springboks in 1997, played a Test in Australia in 2001 and coached on the 2009, 2013 and 2017 trips.2. Jenkins scored 41 points in three Tests on that 1997 tour to South Africa, playing at full-back, but nearly missed the historic trip altogether after breaking his arm in the final Five Nations game against England.“A surgeon came to see and he confirmed the original diagnosis: that I would be fortunate to be playing within four months. I had less than eight weeks to prove my fitness for South Africa,” he said.3. Jenkins made his Test debut for Wales against England, aged 19, in 1991 in Cardiff when his opposite number was Rob Andrew.His last Test match, of 91 for Wales and the Lions, came in 2002 against Romania at Wrexham.In between he amassed 1,090 points. He passed 1,000 international points in 2001, the first player to achieve that feat.4. Born on 8 July 1971 in Church Village, Jenkins was a pupil at Bryn Celynnog Comprehensive School in Beddau, which also boasts fellow internationals Gethin Jenkins, Michael Owen and Ellis Jenkins as former attendees.5. Jenkins played for Pontypridd, who he joined aged 15, Cardiff and the Celtic Warriors at club level. He made 237 appearances for Pontypridd between 1990 and 2003 scoring more than 3,000 points before the ill-fated formation of the Warriors. The former Wales fly-half is now a renowned kicking coach LATEST RUGBY WORLD MAGAZINE SUBSCRIPTION DEALS
Elizabeth Whittaker Principal In Charge:Elizabeth WhittakerDesign Team:Anne Sophie Divenyi, Allison Austin, Jamie Pelletier, Duncan ScovilProject Manager:Amit OzaCollaborators:Evan Hankin, Evergreen Group Company Inc., Ramos Iron WorkCity:LexingtonCountry:United StatesMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© John Horner PhotographyRecommended ProductsWindowsSky-FrameRetractable Insect Screen – Sky-Frame FlyWoodEGGERLaminatesWoodGustafsWood Veneered Wall & Ceiling PanelsEnclosures / Double Skin FacadesIsland Exterior FabricatorsCurtain Wall Facade SystemsText description provided by the architects. Grow Box is a 1,975 sf home in Lexington, MA, designed for an MIT University Professor of Engineering, his wife, and their young son. The landscape surrounding the house was (and still is) in pristine condition, with elaborate plantings and over 40 different varieties of Japanese maple trees painstakingly cultivated and maintained by the clients. The extents of the existing gardens limited the footprint of the new house, but inspired an architecture that utilizes landscape to affect space that expands beyond the physical limits of the house. The resulting design is a compact volume penetrated by slot gardens and entry decks that both deﬁne space within the house, and erode the boundary between interior and exterior. Save this picture!© John Horner PhotographySave this picture!DiagramSave this picture!© John Horner PhotographyIn an effort to elaborate on our interests in social threshold and expanded boundary conditions, we incorporated six recessed exterior gardens within the interior of this tight 1,975 sf two-story ‘box’ wrapped in Cor-ten steel. Each recessed garden expands and negotiates a new type of relationship between standard programs: bed and bath, kitchen and living, upstairs and downstairs. These pockets of exterior space nested within the interior create the perception of spatial expansion while paradoxically compressing it. These spaces pursue a curious connection and social dynamic between the users within these various corners of the house. A spatial buffer is able to amplify and frame through transparence and spatial layering.Save this picture!© John Horner PhotographySave this picture!Floor PlansSave this picture!© John Horner PhotographyThe slot recessed gardens are organized geometrically by one ﬁve foot by six foot central “landlocked” courtyard garden on the first level that contains a single Himalayan birch tree. This garden, which will collect rain in the summer and snow in the winter, underlines one’s experience of the elements as the literal and metaphorical centerpiece of the home. Entryways on each facade provide ready access to the yard, while copious operable windows, sliding doors, and framed views reinforce the reciprocal relationship between house and garden. On the exterior, the visual contrast between the hard geometry of the house and the sinuous landscape is both enhanced and obfuscated by the raw hue of the weathering steel panels that comprise the house cladding. Large areas of glazing surrounding the slot gardens and ﬂoor to ceiling windows reﬂect the surrounding trees and plantings, further blurring the distinction between architecture and nature.Save this picture!© John Horner PhotographyProject gallerySee allShow lessLiminal Studio with Snøhetta and Rush Wright Wins Competition for UNESCO World Herit…Architecture NewsStudio Gang Reveals Design of Arkansas Arts Center ExpansionArchitecture News Share Area: 1975 ft² Year Completion year of this architecture project Photographs: John Horner Photography Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Grow Box / Merge Architects Lead Architect: Save this picture!© John Horner Photography+ 17Curated by María Francisca González Share ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/889835/grow-box-merge-architects Clipboard Architects: Merge Architects Area Area of this architecture project CopyHouses•Lexington, United States CopyAbout this officeMerge ArchitectsOfficeFollowProductsGlassSteel#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesLexingtonUnited StatesPublished on March 01, 2018Cite: “Grow Box / Merge Architects” 01 Mar 2018. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021.
Melanie May | 1 October 2020 | News We are delighted to announce that through the Charity Survival Fund, we will be supporting over 300 #charities right across the UK, with an increased total of £18 million on the initial £10 million announced in July. https://t.co/AOGnSNm1Yl pic.twitter.com/7zsB8h8aqX— Julia & Hans Rausing Trust (@JHRTrust) September 30, 2020 Advertisement 522 total views, 3 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis3 AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis3 521 total views, 2 views today The charities work within The Julia and Hans Rausing Trust’s main areas of interest: Health and Wellbeing, Welfare and Education and Arts and Culture. Over £11 million will go to charities supporting people’s health and wellbeing.Announcing the news yesterday on social media the Rausings said that they had received over 2,500 applications, and that all successful applicants had been notified by email.Julia and Hans Rausing commented:“We were overwhelmed by both the quality and quantity of applications we received for the Charity Survival Fund. It highlighted to us the perilous state that so many amazing charities have found themselves in due to the loss of day to day income caused by the coronavirus pandemic.“It is because of this need that we increased the funding available through the Charity Survival Fund to £18 million, and we are pleased that this funding will enable so many extraordinary charities to continue their excellent work and support their local communities at this difficult time. We would like to thank every organisation that applied, and we hope the Charity Survival Fund will encourage others to support charities in need.”This was the first time The Julia and Hans Rausing Trust had accepted funding applications from charities.The £18 million Charity Survival Fund awards bring Julia and Hans Rausing’s total Covid-19 support to over £35 million, which includes their initial response earlier in the year where they gave £16.5 million to charities and organisations that were working on the frontlines to ease the situation within their local communities. Rausing Charity Survival Fund to benefit over 300 charities Julia and Hans Rausing are sharing their £18million Charity Survival Fund between just over 300 charities, they have announced.The Rausings launched the fund in July, and later increased the money available from £10m to £18m. It is supporting small and medium sized charities in the UK that have lost income due to the pandemic with core funding.In total 329 charities across the UK have been selected to receive funding from the Charity Survival Fund. This includes 15 charities whose regular annual income is less than £20,000 will receive funding, and over 170 charities who usually generate upwards of £500,000 per annum. The charities include Northern Ireland-based Kinship Care, The Candlelighters Trust, and Fresh Start Portslade. Tagged with: COVID-19 Funding About Melanie May Melanie May is a journalist and copywriter specialising in writing both for and about the charity and marketing services sectors since 2001. She can be reached via www.thepurplepim.com.
Museums and Libraries Pasadena Public Library: “Check Out the Tech!” From STAFF REPORTS Published on Tuesday, April 2, 2013 | 12:59 pm 13 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS More Cool Stuff Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Looking for a way to try eReader technology? Visit Pasadenaâ€™s Central Library, 285 E. Walnut St., Hastings Branch Library, 3325 E. Orange Grove Blvd. or Allendale Branch Library, 1130 S. Marengo Ave. to check out the libraryâ€™s new eReaders. The eReaders are free. All one would need is to check them out with their Pasadena Public Library card.The eReaders are part of the libraryâ€™s 3M Cloud Library service, which allows participants to check out and read eBooks on this paperback sized eReader technology. Itâ€™s a great way to experience eReaders then decide if one would like it or not before they’ve considered buying one.Attendees can choose from hundreds of eBooks in the 3M Cloud Library. Library staff will add up to five eBooks to the eReader for one’s use. eReaders [and the eBooks on them] circulate for three weeks.To try out this new collection go to http://bit.ly/ppl-3mcloud and â€œCheck out the Tech!â€ For more information, contact Pablo Oliva at (626) 744-7542 or [email protected] First Heatwave Expected Next Week Subscribe Herbeauty10 Of The Most Notorious Female Spies In HistoryHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyTiger Woods Is ‘Different Man’ 10 Years After ScandalHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty9 Of The Best Metabolism-Boosting Foods For Weight LossHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyYou Can’t Go Past Our Healthy Quick RecipesHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyStop Eating Read Meat (Before It’s Too Late)HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyLove Astrology: 12 Types Of Boyfriends Based On Zodiac SignsHerbeautyHerbeauty Community News Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked * Make a comment Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Business News Community News Top of the News Name (required) Mail (required) (not be published) Website Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena
Pinterest By News Highland – April 24, 2013 A vote on the remuneration package for Bank of Ireland chief Richie Boucher will take place this evening at the bank’s AGM.Mr Boucher was paid more than 840-thousand euro last year, despite the bank suffering losses of more than 2 billion.In the Dail earlier the Taoiseach said he expects bank chiefs to take a significant cut when they respond to government calls on them to reduce their cost base by between 6 and 10 percent.However Finance Minister Michael Noonan is to abstain from voting on Mr. Boucher’s pay package at today’s Annual General Meeting.Our Business Editor Ian Guider is at the AGM and says there is intense anger on the issue among the smaller shareholders.”The small shareholders, they don’t have as much a say as the big pension funds of these big investors – and even the government’s 15 percent stake wouldn’t be enough to block Richie Boucher” he said.”It would also cause a row with the bank – they have supported them through and through the last couple of years, so they’re not going to give them a bloody nose over this”.”It was just a needless row; and you kind of wonder – the shareholders here – are they just being led around the garden path here because the bank already has the votes in, they know exactly how it’s going to go” he added. RELATED ARTICLESMORE FROM AUTHOR Twitter Vote expected on Richie Boucher remuneration News Man arrested on suspicion of drugs and criminal property offences in Derry Twitter Facebook Google+ WhatsApp 365 additional cases of Covid-19 in Republic Previous articleMinster says uptake of Communion allowance in Donegal was very lowNext articleTaoiseach raises prospect of public service job looses News Highland Pinterest 75 positive cases of Covid confirmed in North Further drop in people receiving PUP in Donegal WhatsApp Facebook Main Evening News, Sport and Obituaries Tuesday May 25th Google+ Gardai continue to investigate Kilmacrennan fire
ColumnsPOSH Act : Discussing Gender Neutrality, Transgender Rights & Inclusion Of LGBTQ Adab Singh Kapoor5 Jun 2020 10:05 PMShare This – xSexual Harassment at workplace in India is primarily governed by the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 (“POSH Act”) which is a women specific legislation enacted to prevent sexual harassment at workplace only against women. The POSH Act does not afford protection against sexual harassment to other genders and as such this…Your free access to Live Law has expiredTo read the article, get a premium account.Your Subscription Supports Independent JournalismSubscription starts from ₹ 599+GST (For 6 Months)View PlansPremium account gives you:Unlimited access to Live Law Archives, Weekly/Monthly Digest, Exclusive Notifications, Comments.Reading experience of Ad Free Version, Petition Copies, Judgement/Order Copies.Subscribe NowAlready a subscriber?LoginSexual Harassment at workplace in India is primarily governed by the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 (“POSH Act”) which is a women specific legislation enacted to prevent sexual harassment at workplace only against women. The POSH Act does not afford protection against sexual harassment to other genders and as such this article espouses the cause of gender-neutral sexual harassment law/s. I.BRIEF BACKGROUND AND CONSTRUCT Amidst the global COVID-19 epidemic, whereby the Ministry of Home Affairs (“MHA”) has issued orders prescribing lockdown measures in all parts of the country, there have been several concerns about the applicability, implementation and for that matter, the adjudication of sexual harassment cases. At present, the sexual harassment at workplace is primarily governed by The Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013 (“POSH Act”) which is a women specific legislation enacted to protect only women from sexual harassment at workplace. The POSH Act adopts a myopic view, in as much as, it does not provide protection from, or address thereto, sexual harassment at workplace which may be faced by genders, other than females in India. This article traces India’s response to gender neutral laws; attempts to characterise sexual harassment at workplace as a violation of human and constitutional rights; assesses and criticises the idea of gender specificity in sexual harassment laws in India that reinforce a binary notion of gender and results in gross under inclusion. The present article asserts that the existing sexual harassment laws at workplace in India ought to provide adequate and sufficient protection to males and non-binary genders as well. II.CONTEXTUAL BACKDROP OF THE POSH ACT Reportedly, in December 2012, the Women and Child Development minister, Krishna Tirath had announced that the government will conduct a study on “what kind of (sexual) harassment of males is prevalent at workplaces”  while addressing questions on the inclusion of males in the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Bill, 2010. The Bill, however, read in the light of its Statement of Objects and Reasons, was clearly tabled with the legislative intent of enacting a legislation to provide for a safe working environment only for women. The Statement of Objects and Reasons, provided in the 239th Parliamentary Standing Committee Report (“SCR”)  states as under: “Sexual harassment at a workplace is considered violation of women’s right to equality, life and liberty. It creates an insecure and hostile work environment, which discourages women’s participation in work, thereby adversely affecting their social and economic empowerment and the goal of inclusive growth. …It is, thus, proposed to enact a comprehensive legislation to provide for safe, secure and enabling environment to every woman, irrespective of her age or employment status (other than domestic worker working at home), free from all forms of sexual harassment by fixing the responsibility on the employer as well as the District Magistrate or Additional District Magistrate or the Collector or Deputy Collector of every District in the State as a District Officer and laying down a statutory redressal mechanism” (Emphasis Supplied) Addressing the Issue of Gender Neutrality While addressing the concerns pertaining to the POSH Act to include the cause of men within its fold; some of the major concerns which were expressed on the gender specific nature of the Bill were: “-It is incorrect to presume that only women can be victims of sexual harassment. Percentage of women workforce is gradually increasing and not all are at subordinate levels -The Ministry has no data to claim that sexual harassment is faced only by women and that harassment of men cannot be put on the same footing character wise or incidence wise. – Sexual harassment laws in most countries like Denmark, UK, Italy, Ireland, Finland, France, Germany, Portugal, Spain, Netherlands etc. are gender-neutral.” The SCR, however, justifies such non-inclusion by stating that it is the women who face disproportionately large brunt of this scourge and hence, a gender-specific legislation on sexual harassment at workplace needs to be considered an affirmative action under Article 15 of the Constitution of India 1950 (“Constitution”). The SCR further states that survey/studies need to be conducted and alternatively, an employer may be mandated to report cases/instances of male sexual harassment also in their report. The reasoning provided by the SCR for identifying only women as victims of sexual harassment at workplace is unsound and implausible on broadly two grounds. Firstly, the discussion on the issue of Gender Neutrality in SCR is premised on an incorrect presumption that the very notion of gender neutrality only concerns and confines itself to the binary (male and female) genders, and not the non-binary genders (including transgenders). Secondly, while it may be correct that the women have been disproportionately disadvantaged and faced sexual harassment, and therefore, an affirmative action under article 15 of the Constitution may be called for; the same cannot be a ground to deny protection to men and other non-binary genders from sexual harassment at workplace. The POSH Act, however, despite there being SCR recommendations to have an enabling provision to look at cases of sexual harassment against men; excluded men and non-binary genders from its purview. III.India’s response to Gender Neutrality A. Tracing significant Developments The issue of gender neutrality in rape law was first raised in the case of Sudesh Jhaku v. KC Jhaku, Justice Jaspal Singh articulated his preference for the offence of rape to be redefined in gender neutral terms; by quoting from the article- ‘Sexism in the Society and the Law': “Men who are sexually assaulted shall have the same protection as female victims, and women who sexually assault men or other women should be liable for conviction as conventional rapists. Considering rape as a sexual assault rather than as a special crime against women might do much to place rape law in a healthier perspective and to reduce the mythical elements that have tended to make rape laws a means of reinforcing the status of women as sexual possessions” (Emphasis Supplied) Subsequently, the Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2012 proposed a gender-neutral definition of rape, based on the recommendations of the 172nd Law Commission Report. After the Nirbhaya gangrape incident, the Justice Verma Committee (“JVC”) was constituted to look into possible amendments of the criminal law to provide quicker trial and enhanced punishments for criminals committing sexual assault of extreme nature against women. The JVC stated while the Sexual Harassment Bill purports to be in effectuation of the Supreme Court’s dictum in Vishakha v. State of Rajasthan, the spirit of the judgment in Vishakha is not adequately reflected. Although the JVC found the definition of sexual harassment under the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace Bill, 2012, as contained under Section 2(n), which only delineates sexual harassment against women to the exclusion of men and non-binary genders, to be satisfactory, the JVC recommended the offence of rape be made gender-neutral. In May 2016, the University Grants Commission notified a set of regulations (Hereinafter referred to as the “UGC Sexual Harassment Regulations”) which obligates the higher educational institutions to act decisively against all gender-based violence. “Regulation 3(1)(d) of the Regulation states: 3. Responsibilities of Higher Educational Institutions – (1) Every HEI shall …(d) act decisively against all gender based violence perpetrated against employees and students of all sexes recognising that primarily women employees and students and some male students and students of the third gender are vulnerable to many forms of sexual harassment and humiliation and exploitation” (Emphasis Supplied) In contradistinction to the POSH Act which enables only an “aggrieved woman” to file a complaint of sexual harassment, under the UGC Sexual Harassment Regulations, any “aggrieved person” may make a complaint of sexual harassment. Therefore, the UGC Sexual Harassment Regulations enable students of all genders, including males and transgenders, to file complaints of sexual harassment. In 2018, two Petitions were filed in the Supreme Court asserting that the laws in relation to sexual harassment ought to be neutralised irrespective of gender, challenging the constitutionality of Section 354, 354A, 354B, 354C, 354D and 375 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860. However, the same were not entertained. The Delhi High Court dismissed a petition, after issuing notice in the same, whereby it was prayed that Sections 375, 376, 376D, 354A, 354C, 354D violated basic human rights and denied the people gender neutral laws, thus making them ultra vires Article 20(1), 14 and 21 of the Constitution. The Court however, reasoned that the Union of India had already considered the Law Commission report and a decision had been taken to not amend the sections and thus, there was no reason to entertain the petition. B. Lack of Statistics of Male Harassment and the Gender based Stereotypes As per the study conducted by the Centre for Civil Society in 2013, out of the 96 countries studied, 63 were found to have rape or sexual assault laws written in gender neutral language and 6 had partly gender-neutral laws. The Delhi-based Centre for Civil Society found that approximately 18% of Indian adult men surveyed reported being coerced or forced to have sex. Of those, 16% claimed a female perpetrator and 2% claimed a male perpetrator. A gender specific definition of sexual harassment based on the male or female paradigm not only associates the victim and perpetrator with a specific gender, but also the various stereotypes associates with it. There are several theories of gender which further the idea that gender and sex are fixed notions that are inherently linked: men are or should be masculine and women are or should be feminine. Accordingly, gender neutrality may allow us to abrogate sex stereotypes, and move beyond an understanding of men as the natural aggressors and women as the perennial victims. Secondly, the mere non-availability of the statistical information does not lead to a conclusion that such instances do not occur. The absence of any official statistics may be attributable to the hegemonic masculinity coupled with the fact that the POSH Act is not gender neutral. In a rather interesting reasoning rendered by the Court of Appeals of New York in People v. Liberta, it was stated: “while forcible sexual assaults by females upon males are undoubtedly less common than those by males upon females this numerical disparity cannot by itself make while forcible sexual assaults by females upon males are undoubtedly less common than those by males upon females this numerical disparity cannot by itself make it permissible for the state to punish only men who commit, for example, robbery.” (Emphasis Supplied) C. Transgender Rights Transgender (“TG”) is generally described as an umbrella term for persons whose gender identity, gender expression or behaviour does not conform to their biological sex. TG may also take in persons who do not identify with their sex assigned at birth, which include hijras/eunuchs who describe themselves as “third gender” and they do not identify as either male or female. Among hijras, there are emasculated (castrated, nirvana) men, non-emasculated men (not castrated/akva/akka) and inter-sexed persons (hermaphrodites). TG also includes persons who intend to undergo Sex Re-Assignment Surgery (“SRS”) or have undergone SRS to align their biological sex with their gender identity in order to become male or female. They are generally called transsexual persons. Further, there are persons who like to cross-dress in clothing of opposite gender, i.e. transvestites. Resultantly, the term “transgender”, in contemporary usage, has become an umbrella term that is used to describe a wide range of identities and experiences, including but not limited to pre-operative, post-operative and non-operative transsexual people, who strongly identify with the gender opposite to their biological sex; male and female.  The Supreme Court in NLSA, upholding the rights of transgender/third gender persons, laid down the dictum that Articles 14, 15,16,19 and 21 do not exclude hijras/transgenders from their ambit. It was also stated that the Indian law on the whole recognises the paradigm of binary genders of male and female, based on a person’s sex assigned by birth. Binary notion of gender also reflects in the law relating to marriage, adoption, divorce, inheritance, succession, and other welfare legislations. Non-recognition of the identity of hijras/transgenders in the various legislations denies them equal protection of law and they face widespread discrimination. It was therefore, concluded that: “discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation or gender identity includes any discrimination, exclusion, restriction or preference, which has the effect of nullifying or transposing equality by the law or the equal protection of laws guaranteed under our Constitution, and hence we are inclined to give various directions to safeguard the constitutional rights of the members of the TG community.” (Emphasis Supplied) The Apex Court, in fact, deliberated upon the right of legal recognition of the third gender identity, asserting that gender identity is integral to the dignity of an individual and is at the core of “personal autonomy” and “self-determination”. Hijras/eunuchs, therefore, would have to be considered as the third gender, over and above binary genders under the Constitution and the laws. Amidst much persistence by the Transgender community the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019 (Hereinafter referred to as the “TG Act”) was enacted on 05.12.2019. Recently, the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment had published the draft Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Rules, 2020 (Hereinafter referred to “Draft Rules”). Protection accorded under the TG Act and measures to be undertaken by the government As per the TG Act, the “‘transgender person’ means a person whose gender does not match with the gender assigned to that person at birth and includes trans-man or trans-woman (whether or not such person has undergone Sex Reassignment Surgery or hormone therapy or laser therapy or such other therapy), person with intersex variations, genderqueer and person having such socio-cultural identities as kinner, hijra, aravani and jogta”. A person recognised as a transgender shall have a right to self-perceived gender identity. The District Magistrate shall issue to the applicant who may make an application in this regard, a certificate of identity as a transgender person. Such a certificate shall be entered in all official documents, confer rights to the concerned person and be a proof of recognition of the person’s identity as a transgender person. It may be interesting to note in this regard that the European Commission broadly defines the genders into two kinds: Binary and Non-Binary. The Non-Binary gender is defined as an umbrella term for gender identities that fall outside the gender binary of male or female. This includes individuals whose gender identity is neither exclusively male nor female, a combination of male and female or between or beyond genders. Similar to the usage of trans, people under the non-binary umbrella may describe themselves using one or more of a wide variety of terms. Austria, Germany and Malta have recently introduced a third gender option. The TG Act prohibits discrimination against a transgender person on the ground of: “(a) the denial, or discontinuation of, or unfair treatment in, educational establishments and services thereof; (b) the unfair treatment in, or in relation to, employment or occupation; (c) the denial of, or termination from, employment or occupation” The TG Act also mandates that no establishment shall discriminate against any transgender person in any matter relating to the employment including, but not limited to, recruitment, promotion and other related issues; as also that every establishment shall ensure compliance with the provisions of the TG Act and provide facilities to the Transgender persons. Even the Draft Rules vide Rule 10 state as under: “(3) appropriate government shall review Acts, rules, regulations, codes, bye-laws and such statutes to obviate discrimination of any kind to the Transgender persons and to promote their well-being and dignity (4) The appropriate government shall also take adequate steps to prohibit discrimination in any government or private organisation or establishment. (6) The appropriate government shall also take adequate steps to prohibit discrimination in any Government or private organisation or establishment.” (Emphasis Supplied) Whoever harms or injures or endangers the life, health or well-being, whether mental or physical, of a transgender person or tends to do acts including causing physical abuse, sexual abuse, verbal & emotional abuse and economic abuse, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than six months but which may extend to two years with fine. In view of the above, the existing POSH Act ought to be reviewed/ amended to extend protection to transgenders. D. Characterising Sexual Harassment: Inclusion of LGBQA+ The Sexual harassment laws in India, although prohibit sexual harassment against the female gender, fail to expressly acknowledge cases of sexual harassment appertaining to the Gay, Bisexual, Queer, Asexual and such other allied individuals who may not identify themselves as heterosexuals. It is interesting to note that the Supreme Court has observed in Hiral P. Harsora v. Kusum Narottamdas Harsora, that while the objective sought to be achieved by the statute is to protect women in various spheres of life, the term “Respondent” has been defined under Section 2(m) of the POSH Act to include all genders. Therefore, the perpetrator of the sexual harassment may be male or female under the POSH Act and resultantly, the POSH Act may also be seen to redress the cases of sexual harassment by a woman against woman and to that extent, it may be said to address the issue of sexual harassment of the individuals who identify as lesbians. The Supreme Court, while partially striking down Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, 1860 (“IPC”) as being violative of Article 14 of the Constitution, expressly recognised the rights of individuals identifying themselves as Lesbians, Gay, Bisexuals, Transgenders, Queer, Intersex, Asexual and allied individuals, other than heterosexuals. While opining on the right of such individuals to engage in such consensual sexual activity, it also stated that such rights flow from the Constitution and therefore, Section 377 of the IPC should not be used as a tool for harassment of such individuals: 250. We must realize that different hues and colours together make the painting of humanity beautiful and this beauty is the essence of humanity. We need to respect the strength of our diversity so as to sustain our unity as a cohesive unit of free citizens by fostering tolerance and respect for each other’s rights thereby progressing towards harmonious and peaceful co-existence in the supreme bond of humanity. Attitudes and mentality have to change to accept the distinct identity of individuals and respect them for who they are rather than compelling them to ‘become’ who they are not. All human beings possess the equal right to be themselves instead of transitioning or conditioning themselves as per the perceived dogmatic notions of a group of people. To change the societal bias and root out the weed, it is the foremost duty of each one of us to “stand up and speak up” against the slightest form of discrimination against transgenders that we come across. Let us move from darkness to light, from bigotry to tolerance and from the winter of mere survival to the spring of life — as the herald of a New India — to a more inclusive society. 251… It is their momentous “walk to freedom” and journey to a constitutional ethos of dignity, equality and liberty and this freedom can only be fulfilled in its truest sense when each of us realize that the LGBT community possess equal rights as any other citizen in the country under the magnificent charter of rights – our Constitution. 252. Thus analysed, Section 377 Indian Penal Code, so far as it penalizes any consensual sexual activity between two adults, be it homosexuals (man and a man), heterosexuals (man and a woman) and lesbians (woman and a woman), cannot be regarded as constitutional. (Emphasis Supplied) It is asserted that given that the adequate protections and safeguards of the individuals identifying themselves as Gay, Bisexual, Queer, Asexual and such other allied individuals, which emanate from the Constitution have been espoused by the Supreme Court; sexual harassment laws ought to prohibit and provide an appropriate mechanism for redressal, of sexual harassment, qua such persons. IV.SUMMING UP THE ANALYSIS AND CONCLUDING REMARKS Given the judicial precedents and constitutional safeguards provided, it is asserted that the rights of the genders, other than females, qua the prevention, prohibition and redressal against sexual harassment at workplace emanate from Articles 14, 15,16,19 and 21 of the Constitution. Even while public awareness is slowly improving, India has to a large extent been unsuccessful in counteracting the cases of sexual harassment against the individuals who identify themselves as Gay, Bisexuals, Transgenders, Queer, Intersex, Asexual and allied individuals, other than heterosexuals, who continue to disproportionately face discrimination. The enactment of the UGC Sexual Harassment Regulations seems to be a positive step in promoting gender neutral sexual harassment laws. In the light of the spirit and intent of the UGC Sexual Harassment Regulations, which recognise that employees and students of all sexes, including male students and students of third gender are vulnerable to many forms of sexual harassment and humiliation and exploitation; it is deemed expedient that the POSH Act ought to be suitably amended or alternatively appropriate legislations may be enacted, to provide for the prevention, prohibition and redressal against sexual harassment at workplace in a gender-neutral manner. Be that as it may, in the interim the entities/organisations at their individual levels may implement gender neutral policies and code of conduct, to ensure diversity and inclusion and promote sensitisation. [*] The author is Adab Singh Kapoor, LLM, ACS, BBA LLB, Founder and Proprietor of Adab Singh Kapoor & Associates (“Firm”). Article was written with the assistance of Raghav Mittal, Associate at the Firm. For more details you may visit our website www.adabsinghkapoor.com  Order No. 40-3/2020-DM-I(A), Order dated 01.05.2020, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India, available at https://www.mha.gov.in/sites/default/files/MHA%20Order%20Dt.%201.5.2020%20to%20extend%20Lockdown%20period%20for%202%20weeks%20w.e.f.%204.5.2020%20with%20new%20guidelines.pdf Kritika Kapoor, Men too are victims of Sexual Harassment, Times of India, Last updated December 21, 2012, as available at https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/life-style/relationships/love-sex/Men-too-are-victims-of-sexual-harassment/articleshow/16336627.cms  Bill No. 144 of 2010, The Protection of Women against Sexual Harassment at Workplace Bill, 2010 (Introduced in the Lok Sabha on 07.12.2010 and referred to the Standing Committee on 30.12.2010)  239th Report on the Protection of Women Against Sexual Harassment at Workplace Bill, 2010, Department Related Parliamentary Standing Committee on Human Resource Development (Presented to the Rajya Sabha on 08.12.2011 and Laid on the Table of Lok Sabha on 08.12.2011), December 2011  Ibid Para 1.3 Supra Footnote 5, Para 3.2  Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha on 03.09.2012 and Rajya Sabha on 27.02.2013; For a comparison of the provisions of the Bill as introduced and as passed by Parliament with the recommendations of the Standing Committee, the PRS legislative Research, Comparative Table may be referred, Prepared by Kaushiki Sanyal, 27.02.2013, available at https://www.prsindia.org/sites/default/files/bill_files/Comparison_of_Bill%2C_Act_and_Standing_Committee_Recommendations.pdf  Sudesh Jhaku v. K.C.J., 1998 Cri LJ 2428  Note, Rape and Rape Laws: Sexism in Society and the law, 61 Calif. L. Rev. 919, 941 (1973)  Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2012, Bill No. 130 of 2012, dated 19.12.2012  172nd Report, Law Commission of India, Review of Rape Laws March, 2000, dated 25.03.2000  Reports of the Committee on the Amendments to Criminal Law, Justice J.S. Verma Committee, January 23 2013, created vide Government of India Notification no. SO (3003) E, dated 23.12.2012  Vishakha v. State of Rajasthan, (1997) 6 SCC 241  Supra Footnote 13, Page 129, Para 26  UGC (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal of Sexual harassment of women employees and students in higher educational institutions) Regulations, 2015  Section 9 (1) POSH Act read with Regulation 7, UGC (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal of Sexual harassment of women employees and students in higher educational institutions) Regulations, 2015  Rishi Malhotra v. Union of India, Writ Petition (Criminal) No. 7/2018, Order dated 02.02.2018; Criminal Justice Society of India v. Union of India, Writ Petition (Civil) No. 1262/2018, Order dated 12.11.2018;  Sanjiiv Kumar v. Union of India, W.P. (C) 8745/2019, Judgment dated 17.12.2019  Jai Vipra, A case for Gender Neutral Rape Laws in India, Researching Reality Internship, Centre For Civil Society, July 2013  India’s law should recognise that men can be raped too, Centre for Civil Society, available at https://ccs.in/indias-law-should-recognise-men-can-be-raped-too  David S. Cohen, Sex, Segregation, Masculinities and Gender-Variant Individuals, NYU Press 2012  Deborah Denno, Why the Model Penal Code’s Sexual Offense Provisions Should Be Pulled and Replaced (2004) I Ohio State Journal of Criminal Law 207 to 211  For a similar analogy and reference see Harshad Pathak, Beyond the Binary: Rethinking Gender Neutrality in Indian Rape Law, Asian Journal of Comparative Law, 11 (2016) Pages 367-397  People v. Liberta, 64 NY 2d 152 (1984) Liberta  National Legal Services Authority v. Union of India & Ors., AIR 2014 SC 1863, Para 13  Ibid  Supra Footnote 25, Para 81  Supra Footnote 25, Para 76  Comments / suggestions invited on Draft “The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Rules,2020, as available at http://socialjustice.nic.in/UserView/index?mid=77866  Section 2(k), Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019  Section 4(2), Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019  Section 5 and 6(1), Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019  Section 6(2) and (3), Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019  European Commission, Trans and Intersex equality Rights in Europe – a comparative analysis, European network of legal experts in gender equality and non-discrimination, European Union 2018, Page 35  Ibid Para 3.1, page 55 to 57  Section 3, Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019  Section 9 and 10, Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019  Section 18(d), Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Act, 2019  Hiral P. Harsora v. Kusum Narottamdas Harsora, (2016) 10 SCC 165  See for example, Himani Chandna, Godrej’s anti-harassment policies are gender neutral: Parmesh Shahani, BWpeople.in, dated 06.02.2018 available at http://bwpeople.businessworld.in/article/Godrej-s-anti-harassment-policies-are-gender-neutral-Parmesh-Shahani-/06-02-2018-139672/; The Taj Group of Hotels Policy on Prevention, Prohibition & Redressal of Sexual Harassment at the Workplace (POSH) available at https://www.tajhotels.com/content/dam/thrp/investors/Taj-POSH-Policy.pdf Subscribe to LiveLaw, enjoy Ad free version and other unlimited features, just INR 599 Click here to Subscribe. All payment options available.loading….Next Story